Egypt Travel Overview

Egypt Travel Overview

At a glance

Capital: Cairo

Official language: Arabic

Currency: lb

Continent: North Africa

Vacation in Egypt

According to Countryaah, Egypt – “the land of the pharaohs” – is located in the north-east of Africa. It borders the Mediterranean Sea in the north and the Red Sea in the east.

City flight to Cairo

The capital of Egypt is Cairo. It is the largest city in the Arab world and houses the world’s largest collection of ancient Egyptian cultural treasures in the Egyptian Museum. The city’s numerous bazaars are also worth seeing. A visit to the pyramids of Giza, which were built as the tombs of the pharaohs, is an absolute must on a vacation in Cairo. After the destruction of the other six ancient wonders of the world, they are the last remaining. There are also many other buildings from historical Egypt to discover, such as the Sphinx. It represents a seated lioness with a human head.

Nile cruise

A very popular travel option to discover many of Egypt’s important cultural monuments is a Nile cruise. Nile cruises are available in different price ranges and different routes depending on the provider. You sail the Nile from Cairo via Luxor to Abu Simbel.

Swimming and sports vacation on the Red Sea

For some time, Egypt has also been a popular destination for a seaside vacation. Especially in the east on the Red Sea coast you will find wonderful diving areas and beautiful beaches. Well-known seaside resorts are, for example, Hurghada on the west coast of the Red Sea or Sharm El-Sheikh on the Sinai peninsula. Sharm El Sheikh is one of the most popular beach resorts in Egypt. It also has one of the largest diving areas in the Gulf of Aqaba.


Hurghada is the largest tourist center on the Red Sea. There is a wonderful coral reef nearby, which is ideal for diving. 22 km north of Hurghada is El-Guna, a lagoon city for a more exquisite vacation. You can practice traditional water sports here, such as diving and especially kite surfing.

Important facts

Capital: Cairo

Official language: Arabic


Currency (sub-unit)

Pounds (100 piasters)

ISO 4217 code

EGP / 818


Continent: Africa

Region: North

Geo coordinates: N 26 ° 49 ’14 ” E 30 ° 48′ 9″

Highest mountain: Mount Catherine (2,629 m)

Total area: 1,001,450 km²

Mainland: 995,450 km²

National border: 2,689 km

Coastline: 2,450 km


Dependency: Great Britain until 1922

Formerly dependent states: Sudan until 1956

UN member since: 1945

Other political affiliation: Arab League

Form of government: Presidential Republic


Egypt GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Petroleum, cotton, onions

BSP: $ 109,864,700,000

GDP: $ 91.876 billion

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 311.8 billion

Economic growth: 5.3%

GDP share of agriculture: 14.9%

GDP share of industry: 35.7%

GDP share of services: 49.4%

Inflation rate: 4.6%

Unemployment: 9.1%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 106.2%

Export: $ 16,890,000,000

Import: $ 28,320,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 36.94 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 24.27 billion

Electricity consumption: 83,940 million KWh

Gas reserves: 1,900,000 million m³

Gas production: 35,500 million m³

Gas consumption: 35,500 million m³

Oil reserves: 2,700 million m³

Oil production: 710,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 606,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 3.46%

Bovine: 4,060,000 pieces

Sheep: 4,890,000 pieces

Fishing: 831,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 78,887,000

Residents in cities: 34,986,400

Average age: 24 years

0-14 years: 32.6%

15-64 years: 62.9%

> 65 years: 4.5%

Population growth: 1.75%

Birth rate: 23.32 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 5.23 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -0.21 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.02

Fertility: 2.83 children / woman

Infant mortality: 31.33 ‰

Life expectancy men: 68.77 years

Life expectancy women: 73.93 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: EG

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: EGY

ISO 3166 numeric: 818

Top Level Domain: eg

IOC country code: EGY


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 9,600,000

Cell Phones: 9,472,000

Radios: 26,320,500

TV: 20,040,000

Computer: 2,290,000

Internet users: 4,900,000


Railway lines: 5,063 km

Paved roads: 55,338 km

Cars: 1,730,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 76

Pipelines: 12,664


Number of doctors: 166,000

Daily food intake: 3,420 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 18,000


Illiteracy: 39%


Foundation: 3200 BC Chr.

Last sovereign since: -1922 BC Chr.


Main religious group: Muslims


Prison inmates: 96,700


Armed forces (troop strength): 470,000

Main battle tank: 3,820

Battleships: 11

Submarines: 4

Warplanes: 490

Helicopter: 270

Defense Spending: $ 2,521,200,000


Arriving by plane

Egypt’s national airline is called Egyptair (MS) (Internet: Egyptair flies daily from Frankfurt to Cairo and connects Cairo four times a week with Munich and Düsseldorf and twice a week with Berlin-Schönefeld.

Lufthansa (LH) flies four times a week from Munich to Cairo. All other major airlines such as Swiss (LX) and KLM (KL) fly to Egypt.
Air Berlin (AB) flies from some major German cities as well as from Vienna and Salzburg to Sharm el Sheikh, Luxor and Hurghada.

Austrian myHoliday (OS) connects Vienna with Hurghada, Sharm el Sheikh and Luxor, among others.

Flight times

Frankfurt – Cairo: 4 hours; Berlin – Cairo: 4 hours; Frankfurt – Luxor: 7 hours 10 minutes (with 1 stopover); Berlin – Luxor: 7 hours 30 minutes (with 1 stopover); Vienna – Cairo: 3 hours 45 minutes; Vienna – Luxor: 7 hours 05 minutes (with 1 stopover); Zurich – Cairo: 3 hours 50 minutes; Zurich – Luxor: 7 hours 15 minutes (with 1 stopover).

Air passes

With the Middle East Airpass the Star Alliance can explore travelers up to ten flights, the countries Egypt, Bahrain, Yemen, Jordan, Qatar, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria and the United Arab Emirates. More information is available on the Star Alliance website,

With the Visit Middle East Pass from Allianz Oneworld, travelers can book any number of flights (at least 3 flights) with the participating airlines British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Qatar Airways and Royal Jordanian and travel to the following 12 countries: Egypt, Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Yemen, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and United Arab Emirates.

Departure fee

The departure fee of € 18 is included in the price of the flight ticket.

Arrival by car

The border with Libya is open. There is a border crossing between Israel and Egypt and the Palestinian Territory and Egypt: one route leads from Cairo via El Arish to Rafiah on the northern Sinai coast in the Gaza Strip, the other from Cairo via Suez and Taba to Eilat. The border crossing from El Arish to Rafiah is open daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. The border crossing from Taba to Eilat is open all the time. Travelers in taxis and rental cars are not allowed to cross the border between Israel and Egypt. Privately owned vehicles may be transported across the border provided the necessary documents are available.

A daily bus service connects Tel Aviv and Jerusalem in Israel via El Arish / Rafiah with Cairo. There is no direct bus connection between Eilat and Cairo, you have to change trains in Taba. SAPTCO (Internet: offers daily bus connections from Riyadh, Jeddah, Dammam and Khamis Mushayt in Saudi Arabia to Alexandria, Aswan, Cairo and Suez in Egypt. As an exception, travelers entering Egypt via Taba can purchase visas at the border crossing. Further information on entry restrictions is available from the Egyptian Tourist Office (see addresses).

Arriving by train

There are no international rail connections to the neighboring countries of Egypt. The terminus in the south is in Aswan, in the west (along the coast) in As Salum. The terminal stations in Aswan and Wadi Halfa (Sudan) are connected by a ferry across Lake Nasser.

Arrival by ship

The largest sea ports are Alexandria, Nueba, Port Said and Suez. Steamers usually drive twice a week up the Nile between Wadi Halfa (Sudan) and HighDam (Egypt), however, the operation is sometimes adjusted. Excursion boats and catamarans run daily between Aqaba (Jordan) and Nuweiba.

El Salam Ferries Lines connect Suez with Jeddah (Saudi Arabia) and Hurghada with Duba. Further information is available from El Salam Maritime (Tel: (02) 290 85 35).

Two cargo ships of the Grilnavi Lines depart approximately every 14 days from Genoa (journey time 10-14 days) and Naples (duration 5-7 days) to Alexandria and Port Said and take up to twelve passengers with them (Transcamion ship agency, Bodenseestr. 5, 81241 Munich, Tel: (089) 896 07 30). The Grimaldi Freighter Cruises (Internet: run every two weeks on their Adriatic round trip from Montefalcone via Alexandria (duration to Alexandria. 4 days). Further information is available from the Cairo Navigation Agency (Tel: (02) 574 57 55). The Black Sea Shipping Company ships depart from Odessa.

Other shipping companies are Egyptian Navigation Company (Internet:, Orient Shipping Ltd and Arab Express Shipping ( .

Numerous cruise lines, including Silversea Cruises (Internet:, call at Egypt as part of their Africa and Orient routes.