Djibouti Travel Overview

Djibouti Travel Overview

At a glance

Capital: Djibouti

Official language: French, Arabic

Currency: franc

Continent: East Africa

Travel to the Horn of Africa

Djibouti is a poor country, but a haven of peace in the conflict-torn region around the Horn of Africa

Djibouti information

According to Countryaah, Djibouti is located in eastern Africa. The country borders the Red Sea and Eritrea in the north and Ethiopia and Somalia in the west. Djibouti is Ethiopia’s gateway to the sea, so tariffs are an important source of income for the state.


Djibouti was under French administration until the late 1970s. In addition to Arabic, the official language is French. Most of the land consists of desert, which is why there is almost no arable land. In addition, it is very hot in the country because, already at the equator, it is partly below sea ​​level.


The neighboring countries of Djibouti are repeatedly involved in wars and violent conflicts. Since Djibouti is an important transit country in the region, there is relative stability there.


The original beauty of Djibouti can be admired in the Foret du Day nature reserve, an area that has not yet been cleared. There are also flamingos and gazelles, antelopes and zebras in the arid regions at Lake Abbe in the south of the country.

Important facts

Alternative name: Djibouti

Capital: Djibouti

Official language: French, Arabic


Currency (sub-unit)

Franc (100 centimes)

ISO 4217 code

DJF / 262


Continent: Africa

Region: east

Geo coordinates: N 11 ° 49 ‘30.5 ” E 42 ° 35’ 25″

Highest mountain: Moussa Ali (2,028 m)

Total area: 23,000 km²

Mainland: 22,980 km²

National border: 516 km

Coastline: 314 km


Dependency: France until 1977

UN member since: 1977

Other political affiliation: Arab League

Form of government: Presidential Republic


Djibouti GDP - gross domestic product

BSP: $ 827,000,000

GDP: $ 751,300,000

Economic growth: 3.7%

Export: $ 460,000,000

Import: $ 1,147,000,000

Electricity consumption: 316 million KWh

Oil consumption: 13,400 million m³

Cultivation area: 0.04%

Bovine: 253,000 pieces

Sheep: 500,000 pieces

Fishing: 370 t

Demographic data

Residents: 486,600

Residents in cities: 401,000

Average age: 18.2 years

0-14 years: 43.3%

15-64 years: 53.3%

> 65 years: 3.4%

Population growth: 2.02%

Birth rate: 39.98 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 19.31 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.05

Fertility: 5.31 children / woman

Infant mortality: 102.44 ‰

Life expectancy men: 41.86 years

Life expectancy women: 44.52 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: DJ

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: DJI

ISO 3166 numeric: 262

Top Level Domain: dj

IOC country code: DJI


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 14,000

Cell Phones: 58,000

Radios: 84,000

TV: 119,000

Computer: 31,000

Internet users: 17,000


Railway lines: 100 km

Cars: 28,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 1


Number of doctors: 100

Daily food intake: 2.280 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 10,000


Illiteracy: 31%


Foundation: 1977

Last sovereign since: 1977


Main religious group: Muslims


Prison inmates: 400


Armed forces (troop strength): 10,000

Defense Spending: $ 29,870,000


Arriving by plane

The Djibouti-based airline Daallo Airlines (D3) (Internet: flies from Paris to Djibouti.

There are also connections from Europe with Ethiopian Airlines (ET).

Departure fee

The exit fee is not always included in the ticket price.

Arrival by car

There are road connections from Djibouti to Assab (Eritrea) and to the west via Dikhil to Addis Ababa (Ethiopia).

go to Loyoda on the Somali border.

Road conditions are poor and travelers should be aware of the personal safety risks. We advise against traveling to neighboring Somalia and Ethiopia due to the tense political situation. Travel to Eritrea is currently possible.

Arriving by train

The Djibouti-Ethiopian Railway runs daily between Addis Ababa and Djibouti. Tourists and business travelers should only travel 1st class. The trains are in poor technical condition and unreliable. Because of the tense political situation, there are security risks for travelers.


Traveling by plane

Private charter flights can be booked.

On the way by car / bus

There are bus connections from Djibouti to almost all cities across the country. Since buses do not leave according to the schedule, but only when they are full, long waiting times can arise. A new road leads from Djibouti to Tadjoura. Due to the poor road conditions, all-terrain vehicles are recommended. The asphalt road should not be left because of the general risk of landmines. Sufficient water and gasoline should be carried with you.

Rental cars are available at the airport and in Djibouti.

International driver’s license recommended, but not required. If you present your own driving license, you can obtain a temporary national driving license. Proof of insurance is not required.

Traveling in the city

In Djibouti, minibuses operate at one rate and stop as needed. Taxis are available in Djibouti, at the airport and in Ali-Sabieh, Dikhil, Dorale and Arta. After dark a surcharge of 50% will be charged.

On the go by train

Trains run daily on the only railway line to the border with Ethiopia (see International Travel).

On the way by ship

There are ferries from Djibouti to Tadjoura and Obock (on the northeast coast of the Gulf of Tadjoura) (travel time 3 hours).