Denmark Education and Media
Denmark, officially Danish Kongeriget Danmark, parliamentary monarchy in transition from Central and Northern Europe with (2018) 5.8 million residents; The capital is Copenhagen.
The Faroe Islands and Greenland, both of which are self-governing (do not belong to the EU), also belong to the national territory.
Financially, organisationally and legally responsible for the school system lies with the municipalities. Characteristic of the Danish school system is the community school, which, in addition to the one-year voluntary kindergarten class, includes a nine-year elementary school (Folkeskole), for which teaching is compulsory from the age of 7, and a voluntary one-year 10th class. Basic school education is completed in municipal (around 85%) and private primary schools (around 15%). Lessons, teaching and learning materials are free of charge. Parents have the constitutional right to teach their children themselves. Although the primary school is basically not run differently, schools in the 8th and 9th grade can offer a basic course and an extended course for some subjects. From 1st to 7th, there is no grading in the school year; School year only in the examination subjects of the final exam, which around 95% of an age group complete. After the end of the compulsory education, the young people can complete an apprenticeship at a vocational college or attend a grammar school for three years, the successful completion of which also certifies the university entrance qualification as the completion of a two to three year course school. According to topschoolsintheusa, the tertiary sector is divided into a university sector with universities and university centers (e.g. in Copenhagen, Successful completion of this also certifies the university entrance qualification as the completion of a two to three year course school. The tertiary sector is divided into a university sector with universities and university centers (e.g. in Copenhagen, Successful completion of this also certifies the university entrance qualification as the completion of a two to three year course school. The tertiary sector is divided into a university sector with universities and university centers (e.g. in Copenhagen, Aarhus, Aalborg and Roskilde) as well as a non-university area that is strongly oriented towards the requirements of professional practice. The technical university, IT university, commercial college, pedagogical university as well as art and music colleges also have university status. In higher education, a distinction is made between short, medium and long-term higher education courses with a duration of up to 3 years, 3 to 4 years or more than 4 years. In keeping with a long Danish tradition (N. F. S. Grundtvig ), qualified training is often supplemented with exam-free teaching in adult and popular education.
Freedom of the press has existed since 1849. The media diversity is great, the press is partly subsidized. – Press: There are more than 30 daily newspapers (including free newspapers) in Denmark, most of which are small regional newspapers. The three largest national quality daily newspapers are the right-wing liberal »Jyllands-Posten« (founded 1871), the left-wing liberal »Politiken« (founded 1884) and the conservative »Berlingske« (founded 1749, until 2012 »Berlingske Tidende«). Traditional tabloids are “Ekstra Bladet” (founded in 1904) and “BT” (founded in 1916). – The “Ritzaus Bureau I / S” (RB) news agency, founded in 1866, has been owned by Danish press publishers since 1947. – broadcasting: The public broadcaster “Danmarks Radio” (DR, founded in 1925) broadcasts four nationwide, eleven regional radio programs, several special interest programs and the international program “Radio Danmark”. There are also around 250 local radios. DR also broadcasts six royalty-funded television programs. The state »TV 2« (founded in 1988) was converted into a stock corporation in 2003 and has been a pay-TV broadcaster since 2012. The commercial broadcaster “TV 3” (founded in 1987) belongs to the Swedish Modern Times Group (MTG).
Social Democrats under pressure
On January 25, 1993, the Social Democrat P. Nyrup Rasmussen formed the first Danish majority government since the early 1970s made up of Social Democrats, Social Liberals, Center Democrats and the Christian People’s Party, which, however, lost its parliamentary majority in March 1994 with the departure of the Center Democrats. After the elections on 9/21/1994, in which the Social Democrats remained the strongest party, but the bourgeois opposition was particularly strengthened by the gain of the Liberals, Prime Minister Rasmussen took overthe leadership of a coalition government made up of social democrats, social liberals and center democrats; The latter left the cabinet in December 1996 after disputes over the draft budget. The then formed minority government of social democrats and social liberals under Rasmussen remained in office even after the early parliamentary elections on March 11, 1998, but was confronted with a considerable electoral success (7.4%) for the right-wing populist Danish People’s Party, which was only founded in 1995. Not least under their pressure, a stricter law on foreigners was passed by parliament in June 1998 (further restrictions on asylum and immigration law in February 2000). In March 2000 negotiations took place between the Danish government and the Faroe Islands, which are striving for full sovereignty (the Faroese local government held a referendum for 2001, but this was waived). In the summer of 2000 the Øresund connection between Denmark and Sweden was opened with great public sympathy.
A focus of the political discussion under the Rasmussen government continued to be the relationship between Denmark and the European Union, in particular the question of how much sovereignty should be given to European institutions. It is true that the population approved the Treaty of Amsterdam in a referendum on May 28, 1998 with 55.1% of the votes; Regardless of the expectations of the other EU member states and despite the clear pro-euro policy of the Rasmussen government, the Danes then rejected their country’s accession to the euro zone in a referendum on 9.2.28000 with a high participation (around 87.5%) 53.1% of the vote.