Cyprus Travel Overview

Cyprus Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Nicosia

Official language: Greek

Currency: Euro (exchange rates)

Continent: Western Europe

Vacation in Cyprus

According to Countryaah, Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean and an insider tip for beach vacationers. The island has a mild, typically Mediterranean climate. Even in winter you can enjoy pleasant sunshine here…

Geography

The long beaches in the numerous coves along the coastline are among the cleanest Europe ‘s. The north coast is lined lemon and olive groves. The Troodos mountain range, which is covered with forests, extends in the southwest of the island. The Akamas Peninsula in the far western part of the island is ideal for hiking. This peninsula is a popular recreational area.

The largest city, Nicosia, is on the Mesaoria Plain, in the center of the island. Other major cities such as Larnaka and Lemesos are located on the south coast.

An island steeped in history

Cyprus is a place where 9,000 years of history come alive. Here you can find relics from every historical epoch – prehistoric settlements as well as ancient Greek temples, Roman country houses with well-preserved floor mosaics or early Christian basilicas. You can also see Gothic churches, crusader castles and Venetian fortifications. Many of these monuments are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Cyprus, including the so-called ” Royal Tombs ” – a short bus ride from Nicosia – with their colonnades from the 4th century BC

Nicosia

The capital of Cyprus is also Nicosia – both of the Republic of Cyprus and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. The roots of this city go back to the Bronze Age. It was splendidly expanded under the Lusignans in the 14th century. The royal palace and over 50 churches date from this period.

Today Nicosia is a place full of culture with a big city flair. The city center is surrounded by the Venetian walls and ramparts. In the old town with its narrow, labyrinthine streets, markets and small restaurants you will find numerous museums that house fascinating collections of Cypriot art treasures. The most famous are the Cyprus Museum and the Byzantine Museum. Further sights are the Bishop’s Church of Agios Ioannis and the adjoining Archbishop’s Palace from 1960. Also worth seeing: the Famagusta gate, which serves as access to the cultural center and at the same time as a performance venue, the Laiki Yitonia, a restored and pedestrianized part of the old town and to the east of it Elefteria Square.

Outside the city walls, modern hotels, elegant shops, pubs and bars have emerged in recent years.

Also worth seeing…

In the surroundings of Nicosia there are interesting monasteries such as Agios Heraklion or the Macheras monastery. 19 km south of Nicosia are excavations of the sunken kingdom of Idalion from the Iron Age, and Choirokoitia – one of the best-preserved prehistoric sites in the eastern Mediterranean – is also worth a visit. With its many archaeological excavations and reconstructed dwellings, a visit gives a good insight into the beginnings of our civilization.

Welcome…

The Cypriots are known for their hospitality. Visitors can convince themselves of this hospitality not only in the modern hotels and restaurants in the larger cities, but also when visiting rural villages.

Multilateral Relations

The Republic of Cyprus acceded to the EU on May 1, 2004.

Important facts

Capital: Nicosia

Official language: Greek

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

Euro (100 cents)

ISO 4217 code

EUR / 978

Geography

Continent: Europe

Region: west

Geo coordinates: N 35 ° 7 ‘35.1 “E 33 ° 25’ 47.5”

Highest mountain: Olympus (1,952 m)

Total area: 5,895 km²

Mainland: 5,885 km²

Coastline: 648 km

Politics

Dependency: Great Britain until 1960

UN member since: 1960

Other political affiliation: European Union since 2004

Form of government: Presidential Democracy

Houses of Parliament: unikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: centralized

Particularities: In the northern part of the country there is the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is only recognized as a state by the Turks. Only the southern part is a member of the EU

Economy

Cyprus GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Fruit, ores, tobacco, wine

BSP: $ 19,673,000,000

GDP: $ 21,511,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 18.94 billion

GDP share of agriculture: 3.5%

GDP share of industry: 19.2%

GDP share of services: 77.3%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 73.2%

Export: $ 1,312,000,000

Import: $ 5.784 million

Foreign debt: $ 12,230,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 4,673,000,000

Electricity consumption: 3,823 million KWh

Oil consumption: 58,900 million m³

Cultivation area: 15.41%

Sheep: 290,000 pieces

Fishing: 4,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 784,300

Residents in cities: 552,000

Minorities: Roma, Maronians, Armenians

Average age: 34.9 years

0-14 years: 20.4%

15-64 years: 68%

> 65 years: 11.6%

Population growth: 0.53%

Birth rate: 12.56 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 7.68 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 0.42 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1

Fertility: 1.82 children / woman

Infant mortality: 7.04 ‰

Life expectancy men: 75.44 years

Life expectancy women: 80.31 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: CY

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: CYP

ISO 3166 numeric: 196

Top Level Domain: cy

IOC country code: CYP

UN / LOCODE: CY

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 583,000

Cell Phones: 710,000

Radios: 730,000

Computer: 270,000

Internet users: 490,000

Transportation

Paved roads: 12,570 km

of which expressways: 322 km

Cars: 301,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 884

Health

Number of doctors: 2,220

HIV- infected people: 1,000

Education

Illiteracy: 2%

History

Foundation: 1183

Last sovereign since: 1960

Religion

Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: Greek Orthodox

Crime

Prison inmates: 400

Main battle tank: 160

Warplanes: 5

Helicopter: 20th

Defense Spending: $ 598,000,000