Cuba Travel Overview

Cuba Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Havana

Official language: Spanish

Currency: Peso convertible

Continent: Caribbean North America

Cuba is a popular vacation destination

According to Countryaah, Cuba is an island nation in the Caribbean and a popular holiday destination. The country was and is shaped by its long-time President Fidel Castro. In terms of tourism, Cuba is the epitome of cigars, rum and mojito.

Cuba has a coastline to the Gulf of Mexico in the northwest. The entire north coast lies on the Atlantic Ocean. uba is the largest island in the Caribbean. In the northwest lies the Gulf of Mexico and in the west the Yucatán peninsula.

The Florida Keys in the USA are also only a few miles away. Cuba is mostly flat, but in the southeast it has a fascinating hilly landscape with the Pico Turquino in the Sierra Maestra and interesting mountains. Havana is the island’s capital and largest city.

Other important cities are Santiago de Cuba, Holguín, Camagüey, Cardenas, Matanzas, Pinar del Rio, Vinales and Trinidad, Guantánamo and Santa Clara. The geographical location and shape of Cuba give the archipelago exceptional conditions for the development of nautical science in all its forms. With a length of 1200 km, Cuba has slightly more than 4000 small islands and cayos, 300 natural beaches and a warm summer climate throughout the year.

Cuba: great beaches and impressive cities

“This island is probably the most beautiful that human eyes have ever seen.” Wrote Christopher Columbus in his logbook on October 28, 1492 when he set foot on Cuba for the first time. On the coast of Cuba you will find more than 300 Caribbean dream beaches with the finest white sand and crystal clear, turquoise blue sea. The most famous beach, over 20 km long, is in Varadero. Other popular beaches are Guardalavaca (Estero Ciego, Playa Esmeralda), St. Lucia, Playa Ancón near Trinidad, Playas del Este near Havana and on the islands of Cayo Largo in the south and Cayo Coco / Cayo Guillermo in the north of Cuba. If you want to get to know even more of the beauties of Cuba, the combination of a beach stay and a round trip is ideal. Encounter the traces of the colonial era in Trinidad or in Old Havana. Enjoy a sunset over Jagua Bay in Cienfuegos or join the hustle and bustle at the Carnival in Santiago de Cuba. The Cuban cities exude joie de vivre and centuries-old culture.

Cuba – landscapes, vegetation, cigars and rum

The landscapes in Cuba are criss-crossed by green mountains, gentle valleys and lush vegetation. The royal palm, the symbol of Cuba, towers majestically into the country. The smallest bird and the smallest frog in the world have found their habitat in Cuba and you can meet flamingo colonies, for example on the island of Cayo Coco. In the swamps of the Zapata Peninsula you can find the protected crocodile crocodylos rhombifer, which only occurs here, and in the Humboldt National Park in the east you can see rare manatees. The valley of Viñales in the province of Pinar del Rio with its bizarre limestone cones is definitely worth seeing. The tobacco for the famous Havanas, the cigars from Cuba (e.g. Cohiba, Monte Christo, Vegas Robaina, Partagaz, Romeo y Julieta) also come from this area.

Important facts

Capital: Havana

Official language: Spanish

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

Convertible Peso (100 Centavos)

ISO 4217 code

CUC

Currency (sub-unit)

Peso (100 centavos)

ISO 4217 code

CUP / 192

Geography

Continent: North America

Region: Caribbean

Geo coordinates: N 21 ° 31 ‘18.3 ” W -77 ° -46’ -52.2″

Highest mountain: Pico Turquino (2,005 m)

Total area: 110,860 km²

Mainland: 110,837 km²

National border: 29 km

Coastline: 3,735 km

Politics

Dependency: United States of America until 1902

UN member since: 1945

Form of government: Socialist Republic (authoritarian dictatorship)

Houses of Parliament: unikameral

Party system: One-party system (Partido Comunista de Cuba)

State building: centralized

Political culture: Subject culture

Economy

Cuba GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Sugar, rice, cocoa, coffee

GDP: $ 29,447,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 43,080,000,000

Economic growth: 7.6%

GDP share of agriculture: 5.9%

GDP share of industry: 25.7%

GDP share of services: 68.4%

Inflation rate: 6.6%

Unemployment: 2%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

Export: $ 2,730,000,000

Import: $ 7,344,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 27.16 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 3,042,000,000

Electricity consumption: 13,440 million KWh

Gas reserves: 70,790 million m³

Gas production: 780 million m³

Gas consumption: 780 million m³

Oil reserves: 532 million m³

Oil production: 73,400 million m³

Oil consumption: 209,600 million m³

Cultivation area: 33.88%

Bovine: 3,764,000 pieces

Pigs: 2,430,000 pieces

Sheep: 3,100,000 pieces

Fishing: 99,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 11,382,900

Residents in cities: 8.610.100

Minorities: Mulattos 51%, whites 37%, blacks 11%, Chinese 1%

Average age: 35.9 years

0-14 years: 19.1%

15-64 years: 70.3%

> 65 years: 10.6%

Population growth: 0.31%

Birth rate: 11.89 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 7.22 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -1.57 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.99

Fertility: 1.66 children / woman

Infant mortality: 6.22 ‰

Life expectancy men: 75.11 years

Life expectancy women: 79.85 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: CU

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: CUB

ISO 3166 numeric: 192

Top Level Domain: cu

IOC country code: CUB

UN / LOCODE: CU

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 611,000

Cell Phones: 944,000

Radios: 3,342,000

TV: 4,660,000

Computer: 910,000

Internet users: 680,000

Transportation

Railway lines: 4,226 km

Paved roads: 32,070 km

of which expressways: 638 km

Cars: 309,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 11

Pipelines: 279

Health

Number of doctors: 69,630

Daily food intake: 2,580 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 3,300

Education

Illiteracy: 3%

History

Foundation: 1902

Last sovereign since: 1902

Religion

Main religious group: Agnostic

Distribution of religions: no state religion; 30.9% Atheist, 44.1% Christian, 25% Spiritist

Crime

Prison inmates: 55,900

Military

Armed forces (troop strength): 46,000

Main battle tank: 700

Warplanes: 110

Defense Spending: $ 742,300,000