Cities and Places in Argentina

Cities and Places in Argentina

Iguazu Falls

Argentina owes one of the country’s greatest attractions to nature: the Iguazú waterfalls. The water-rich river of the same name plunges into a deep gorge in 275 different cases. 255 of them are smaller waterfalls, most of them are just over 60 m deep, the 20 others are larger and more powerful with a height of up to 82 m. Some of the falls extend over Brazil (approx. 20%), the much larger part over Argentina. Thus, the majority of the falls are in Argentina, which allows a better panoramic view from the Brazilian side. In both countries there is a national park in this area, named after the river, which in 1984 – Argentina – and 1986 in Brazil were selected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


Mendoza is a region in western Argentina. Among the many wine-growing regions, it is the largest and therefore the most important in the country. The province consists largely of dry steppe, but there are three oases, a northern one around the city of Mendoza, a middle one around San Rafael and a southern one from Malargüe. The advantage of the region is that temperatures are above freezing all year round. In addition, the sun shines over 300 days a year, which creates a dry climate, which is why irrigation is necessary. The number one grape variety there is the Malbec grape. The wines are lush and opulent, sweet and yet spicy at the same time. This variety is also often mixed with Cabernet Sauvignon to make a cuvée. Other red vines are Merlot, Syrah, Pinot Naoir, Barbera, Sangiovese and Tempranillo. White grape varieties such as Chenin Blanc are also known. It should be added that some of the vines are over 100 years old. Here you can cycle or hike through the wine-growing regions, visit the wineries and taste wine.

Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina and is located on the northeastern border with Uruguay by the sea. It is also often referred to as a primate city, which is due to the fact that it is the cultural, political and economic center of the country. The city is culturally very European – hence the name “Paris of South America”. There are numerous museums and theaters worth seeing, and the Teatro Colón is one of the most famous opera houses in the world. In contrast to the European influences is the tango – or rather the Tango Argentino: It developed in suburbs of the city, often in brothels, such as Junin y Lavalle. In addition to Buenos Aires, the Uruguayans also insist that the origin of tango lies in their country. The most important place, however, is the Plaza de Mayo, this is where the original settlement began, it thus represents the center of the city. The presidential palace “Casa Rosada” and the Catedral Metrapolitana, the main Catholic church in Buenos Aires, are also located here. Festivities and demonstrations also take place here. A good example are the “Madres de Plaza de Mayo”. During the military dictatorship from 1976 to 1983 well over ten thousand people disappeared, against which these protests were directed. Visit for travel to South America.

Peninsula Valdés

The Valdés peninsula is about 3625 km2 and is located in the province of Chubut on the Atlantic coast. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999 because it is a true animal paradise. Elephant seals and sea lions live on the coasts. Southern right whales, a species of baleen whale, come to the southern of the two sole in the third quarter of the year. They reproduce there – in warm and safe waters. Until recently, the army maintained a few bases there due to the conflict over the Falkland Islands. On land live the rhea, a species of ostrich, the guanaco, a relative of the llamas, the maras and the armadillo. There are also some colonies of the small Mangellan penguins in the immediate vicinity. They are interesting for animal lovers because they can be approached within a few steps due to their lack of shyness. If you are not careful

Fire land

Tierra del Fuego in Spanish is a 73,746 km2 group of islands on the southern tip of South America, separated from the mainland by the Strait of Magellan. The western part belongs to Chile, the eastern part to Argentina. The capital of the province and also the southernmost city in the world is Ushuaia. Often referred to as the city at the end of the world, it is also one of the most famous and important destinations in Argentina. It is located on the island of Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego (the largest island in the archipelago) and is the main port on the Beagle Channel. The city was founded by an Argentine expedition in 1884. Ushuaia is the starting point for many trips to the Antarctic, as well as an important cruise destination. Some other activities in Tierra del Fuego include: skiing in Cerro Castor, cruising the Beagle Channel,

Perito Moreno Glacier

The glacier is one of the most impressive and famous glaciers in the world. No wonder, because with about 250 km2 it is one of the mightiest of the largest glacier area in South America. It is located in Patagonia, in southwest Argentina near the Chilean border. It is located in the Los Glaciares National Park, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is interesting that the glacier keeps growing together with a peninsula in Lago Argentino and thus divides the lake into two parts. In the half that is now separated from the drain, the water level rises until the water masses bring the ice bridge to collapse. This attracts crowds of tourists and journalists from all over the world every time.

Salta and the surrounding area

Salta is both the province and the capital of this province in northwestern Argentina. The area is known for the “Tren a las Nubes”, the train into the clouds. It leads over the Andes to the La Polvorilla bridge. The highest point of the route is at 4,300 meters. Many tourists also come to the Valles Calchaquíes, a 183km long path to the De la Rosa wine-growing region in Cafayate. On the way there, the bus passes the Quebrada de la Conchas gorge. It’s 75 km long and almost frightening. To distract yourself you can try to see the bodies of people or animals in the rock formations. A popular place to take a break is the Devil’s Throat, where street musicians from nearby villages entertain you. Arrived in Cafayate,

Cerro de los Siete Colores

In the northwest is the El Norte region. Here you will find the famous Quebrada de Humahuaca (150km long gorge) and the Cerro de los Siete Colores (mountain of the seven colors). The region is full of contrasts, from high peaks to plains, from salt lakes to subtropical forests. Here you can marvel at traces of the pre-Columbian cultures and the traditions of the oldest peoples of Argentina, the Incas and Kollas.

Esteros del Iberá

The Esteros del Iberá is an area of ​​13,000 km² made up of swamps, bogs, lakes and lagoons. After the Pantanal, they are the largest wetland on earth. Here you can see neotropical otters, maned wolves, pampas deer and marsh deer, as well as alligators, caimans, capybaras and around 350 species of birds.


In the very south you will find what is surely the most famous region: Patagonia. A variety of tourist attractions are gathered in this part of Patagonia. The Andes, which border Argentina on the west side to Chile, offer wonderful hiking opportunities, especially the famous mountains Fitz Roy and Cerro Torre. Glaciers wind their way out of the mountains, of which the Perito Moreno is by far the most visited. Not without reason – anyone who has ever stood in front of the 60m high white wall knows how impressive this still growing glacier is! The expanse of the pampas adjoins to the east, where guanacos graze and you can get to know the life of the gauchos on estancias. On the coast, and especially on the Valdés peninsula, you can marvel at the rich marine fauna: penguins and sea lions, various species of birds, whales and seals.

Cities and Places in Argentina