China Travel Overview

China Travel Overview

China, People’s Republic

Important facts

Capital: Beijing (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Chinese

Currency: Renminbi Yuan 1 CNY = 0.13 EUR

Continent: East Asia

Cultural vacation in the land of smiles

The Great Wall of China, the Forbidden City, fascinating landscapes, temples, pagodas and palaces. China is a country with an extraordinary history and culture.

China story

China looks back on a history of several thousand years and countless formative dynasties. China is perfect for cultural holidays.

Chinese China

A proverb says: “In China there is everything, only there it is Chinese.” – Chinese food, Chinese porcelain and Chinese horticulture. Because of Chinese medicine, many sick people fly to this country to be cured of chronic ailments China to forget its own literature, painting and Chinese music. are not many films play an important role the different Chinese martial arts.

“the China” there are just as “the Chinese cuisine”. The country is too big and the region has grown too differently to represent a uniform culture. Although the country is administered centrally, some provinces are very different from Beijing. China is a cultural-historical umbrella term that includes a cultural area in Asia Developed over 3500 years and politically and geographically from 221 BC to 1912 comprised the Empire of China, then the Republic of China and included the People’s Republic of China (PR) and the Republic of China since 1949. The latter name comes from the conflict over the island of Taiwan originated.


According to Countryaah, China is in Asia. It is the most populous country in the world. It borders Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to the south, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to the west, Russia to the northeast and northwest, Mongolia to the north and North Korea to the northeast.

There are many geographical differences in China. In the west of the country there are some of the highest mountains in the world and in the east there are wide fertile plains and river deltas.


How different China is for European ideas is shown by the image of its cities. The number of residents alone is not understandable for some urban Europeans. How can cities with 30 million and more residents be almost unknown in the west? The answer to this question is, among other things, the so-called Asian tiger. It describes the dynamic that has brought the entire continent an economic boom since the 1980s, which has resulted in an increased influx of rural residents into the cities. A small overview of the cities of China: Beijing: Beijing, the capital of the People’s Republic of China, offers many famous sights such as the Forbidden City and the Great Wall, which is a short distance away.
Hong Kong: The former colony of Great Britain still has today within the People’s Republic. It is best to drive on “The Peak” – the island’s local mountain – and get an overview.
Shanghai – is not a classic tourist city like Beijing, for example. It embodies the new China, the technical China, the China of the skyscrapers. Discover this city whose skyline is constantly changing
Nanjing: at the time of the Chinese republic the capital of the country and is certainly one of the most beautiful cities in ChinaTemples and parks attract visitors to the metropolis on the Yangtze. However, you should refrain from visiting in the summer months – Nanjing is one of the four hottest cities in China.


China has several climate zones, which is why it would not make sense to list them. If you prefer a pleasantly warm climate, then travel in …
Winter: South China, including Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan
Late autumn / early spring: South China, depending on the weather up to Shanghai.
Autumn / Spring: Central China, areas around Shanghai and Nanjing.
Early autumn / late spring: Beijing, Inner Mongolia, depending on the weather south to Shanghai.
Summer: northern provinces, it is hot in almost all of China, ie summer is the least suitable for vacationing there.


China has a long cultural history, which favors cultural travel. In many places art objects are offered which are well crafted, but of dubious origin. The most important sights in China include: the terracotta army in the tomb of the first Chinese emperor Qín Shǐhuángdì in central China, the Great Wall in southern China which borders Mongolia and today’s Russia and the Forbidden City in Beijing.

Important facts

Capital: Beijing

Official language: Chinese


Currency (sub-unit)

Renminbi Yuan (10 Jiao = 100 Fen)

ISO 4217 code

CNY / 156


Continent: Asia

Region: east

Geo coordinates: N 39 ° 54 ’18 ” E 116 ° 23′ 55″

Highest mountain: Mount Everest (8,848 m)

Total area: 9,596,960 km²

Mainland: 9,326,410 km²

National border: 22,143 km

Coastline: 14,500 km


Dependency: independent since foundation

Dependent states: Hong Kong since 1997
Macau since 1999

Formerly dependent states: Mongolia until 1921

UN member since: 1971

Form of government: People’s Republic


China GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Textiles, food

BSP: $ 2,542,364,000,000

GDP: $ 2,591,787,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 9,573,000,000,000

Economic growth: 9.6%

GDP share of agriculture: 12%

GDP share of industry: 46.8%

GDP share of services: 41.2%

Inflation rate: 2%

Unemployment: 9.2%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 26.2%

Export: $ 906 billion

Import: $ 834.7 billion

Foreign debt: $ 279.3 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 1,138 billion

Electricity consumption: 2,650,000 million KWh

Gas reserves: 2,530,000 million m³

Gas production: 44,600 million m³

Gas consumption: 38,100 million m³

Oil reserves: 18,260 million m³

Oil production: 4,051,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 7,693,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 16.1%

Bovine: 111,673,000 pieces

Pigs: 493,840,000 pieces

Sheep: 140,122,000 pieces

Fishing: 46,011,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 1,313,973,800

Residents in cities: 498,970,000

Average age: 32.7 years

0-14 years: 20.8%

15-64 years: 71.4%

> 65 years: 7.8%

Population growth: 0.94%

Birth rate: 13.14 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 6.97 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -0.39 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.06

Fertility: 1.73 children / woman

Infant mortality: 23.12 ‰

Life expectancy men: 70.89 years

Life expectancy women: 74.46 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: CN

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: CHN

ISO 3166 numeric: 156

Top Level Domain: cn

IOC country code: CHN


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 391,000,000

Cell Phones: 481,000,000

Radios: 457,000,000

TV: 676,700,000

Computer: 76,300,000

Internet users: 132,700,000


Railway lines: 71,898 km

Paved roads: 561,779 km

of which expressways: 34,073 km

Cars: 16,060,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 1,723

Pipelines: 34,643


Number of doctors: 2,070,000

Daily food intake: 3.120 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 900,000


Illiteracy: 9%


Foundation: 221 BC Chr.

Last sovereign since: 221 BC Chr.


Main religious group: Agnostic


Prison inmates: 1,582,700


Armed forces (troop strength): 2,190,000

Main battle tank: 9,080

Battleships: 53

Submarines: 105

Warplanes: 3,230

Helicopter: 240

Nuclear warheads: 380

Defense Spending: $ 86.93 billion