China, People’s Republic
Official language: Chinese
Currency: Renminbi Yuan 1 CNY = 0.13 EUR
Continent: East Asia
Cultural vacation in the land of smiles
The Great Wall of China, the Forbidden City, fascinating landscapes, temples, pagodas and palaces. China is a country with an extraordinary history and culture.
China looks back on a history of several thousand years and countless formative dynasties. China is perfect for cultural holidays.
A proverb says: “In China there is everything, only there it is Chinese.” – Chinese food, Chinese porcelain and Chinese horticulture. Because of Chinese medicine, many sick people fly to this country to be cured of chronic ailments China to forget its own literature, painting and Chinese music. are not many films play an important role the different Chinese martial arts.
“the China” there are just as “the Chinese cuisine”. The country is too big and the region has grown too differently to represent a uniform culture. Although the country is administered centrally, some provinces are very different from Beijing. China is a cultural-historical umbrella term that includes a cultural area in Asia Developed over 3500 years and politically and geographically from 221 BC to 1912 comprised the Empire of China, then the Republic of China and included the People’s Republic of China (PR) and the Republic of China since 1949. The latter name comes from the conflict over the island of Taiwan originated.
According to Countryaah, China is in Asia. It is the most populous country in the world. It borders Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to the south, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to the west, Russia to the northeast and northwest, Mongolia to the north and North Korea to the northeast.
There are many geographical differences in China. In the west of the country there are some of the highest mountains in the world and in the east there are wide fertile plains and river deltas.
How different China is for European ideas is shown by the image of its cities. The number of residents alone is not understandable for some urban Europeans. How can cities with 30 million and more residents be almost unknown in the west? The answer to this question is, among other things, the so-called Asian tiger. It describes the dynamic that has brought the entire continent an economic boom since the 1980s, which has resulted in an increased influx of rural residents into the cities. A small overview of the cities of China: Beijing: Beijing, the capital of the People’s Republic of China, offers many famous sights such as the Forbidden City and the Great Wall, which is a short distance away.
Hong Kong: The former colony of Great Britain still has today within the People’s Republic. It is best to drive on “The Peak” – the island’s local mountain – and get an overview.
Shanghai – is not a classic tourist city like Beijing, for example. It embodies the new China, the technical China, the China of the skyscrapers. Discover this city whose skyline is constantly changing
Nanjing: at the time of the Chinese republic the capital of the country and is certainly one of the most beautiful cities in ChinaTemples and parks attract visitors to the metropolis on the Yangtze. However, you should refrain from visiting in the summer months – Nanjing is one of the four hottest cities in China.
China has several climate zones, which is why it would not make sense to list them. If you prefer a pleasantly warm climate, then travel in …
Winter: South China, including Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan
Late autumn / early spring: South China, depending on the weather up to Shanghai.
Autumn / Spring: Central China, areas around Shanghai and Nanjing.
Early autumn / late spring: Beijing, Inner Mongolia, depending on the weather south to Shanghai.
Summer: northern provinces, it is hot in almost all of China, ie summer is the least suitable for vacationing there.
China has a long cultural history, which favors cultural travel. In many places art objects are offered which are well crafted, but of dubious origin. The most important sights in China include: the terracotta army in the tomb of the first Chinese emperor Qín Shǐhuángdì in central China, the Great Wall in southern China which borders Mongolia and today’s Russia and the Forbidden City in Beijing.
Official language: Chinese
Renminbi Yuan (10 Jiao = 100 Fen)
ISO 4217 code
CNY / 156
Geo coordinates: N 39 ° 54 ’18 ” E 116 ° 23′ 55″
Highest mountain: Mount Everest (8,848 m)
Total area: 9,596,960 km²
Mainland: 9,326,410 km²
National border: 22,143 km
Coastline: 14,500 km
Dependency: independent since foundation
Dependent states: Hong Kong since 1997
Macau since 1999
Formerly dependent states: Mongolia until 1921
UN member since: 1971
Form of government: People’s Republic
Export goods: Textiles, food
BSP: $ 2,542,364,000,000
GDP: $ 2,591,787,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 9,573,000,000,000
Economic growth: 9.6%
GDP share of agriculture: 12%
GDP share of industry: 46.8%
GDP share of services: 41.2%
Inflation rate: 2%
State budget revenue: $ 4294967295
State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295
National debt: 26.2%
Export: $ 906 billion
Import: $ 834.7 billion
Foreign debt: $ 279.3 billion
Gold and currency reserves: $ 1,138 billion
Electricity consumption: 2,650,000 million KWh
Gas reserves: 2,530,000 million m³
Gas production: 44,600 million m³
Gas consumption: 38,100 million m³
Oil reserves: 18,260 million m³
Oil production: 4,051,000 million m³
Oil consumption: 7,693,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 16.1%
Bovine: 111,673,000 pieces
Pigs: 493,840,000 pieces
Sheep: 140,122,000 pieces
Fishing: 46,011,000 t
Residents in cities: 498,970,000
Average age: 32.7 years
0-14 years: 20.8%
15-64 years: 71.4%
> 65 years: 7.8%
Population growth: 0.94%
Birth rate: 13.14 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 6.97 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -0.39 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 1.06
Fertility: 1.73 children / woman
Infant mortality: 23.12 ‰
Life expectancy men: 70.89 years
Life expectancy women: 74.46 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: CN
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: CHN
ISO 3166 numeric: 156
Top Level Domain: cn
IOC country code: CHN
UN / LOCODE: CN
Telephone connections: 391,000,000
Cell Phones: 481,000,000
Internet users: 132,700,000
Railway lines: 71,898 km
Paved roads: 561,779 km
of which expressways: 34,073 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 1,723
Number of doctors: 2,070,000
Daily food intake: 3.120 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 900,000
Foundation: 221 BC Chr.
Last sovereign since: 221 BC Chr.
Main religious group: Agnostic
Prison inmates: 1,582,700
Armed forces (troop strength): 2,190,000
Main battle tank: 9,080
Nuclear warheads: 380
Defense Spending: $ 86.93 billion