Chad Travel Overview

Chad Travel Overview

At a glance

Capital: N’djamena

Official language: French, Arabic

Currency: CFA franc

Continent: Central Africa

Dream of many travelers to Africa

Despite a long history of ethnic coexistence, there is currently a racist state of conflict in Chad.


According to Countryaah, Chad is a country in central Africa. It has no access to the sea and borders Libya, Sudan, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger.

Travel to Chad

Chad was once a legend among travelers to the Sahara, today it is dangerous to travel to the region. Above all, the border region with Sudan should be avoided. In any case, inquire about your travel safety before planning your trip.
If you dare to go on a trip to Chad, then you should plan a hike in the Tibesti Mountains in the north of the country.

Important facts

Capital: N’djamena

Official language: French, Arabic


Currency (sub-unit)

CFA franc (100 centimes)

ISO 4217 code

XAF / 950


Continent: Africa

Region: Central

Geo coordinates: N 15 ° 27 ’15 ” E 18 ° 43′ 55.9″

Highest mountain: Emi Koussi (3,415 m)

Total area: 1,284,000 km²

Mainland: 1,259,200 km²

National border: 5,968 km


Dependency: France until 1960

UN member since: 1960

Other political affiliation: African Union

Form of government: Military dictatorship


Chad GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Cotton, livestock prod.

BSP: $ 4,173,000,000

GDP: $ 4,562,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 17,090,000,000

GDP share of agriculture: 34.7%

GDP share of industry: 26.2%

GDP share of services: 39.1%

Inflation rate: 3.4%

Export: $ 3,748,000,000

Import: $ 1,043,000,000

Electricity consumption: 137 million KWh

Oil production: 234,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 1,700 million m³

Cultivation area: 2.82%

Bovine: 6,154,000 pieces

Sheep: 2,600,000 pieces

Fishing: 86,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 9,944,200

Residents in cities: 2,389,700

Average age: 16 years

0-14 years: 47.9%

15-64 years: 49.3%

> 65 years: 2.8%

Population growth: 2.93%

Birth rate: 45.73 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 16.38 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -0.11 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.96

Fertility: 6.25 children / woman

Infant mortality: 91.45 ‰

Life expectancy men: 45.88 years

Life expectancy women: 49.21 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: TD

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: TCD

ISO 3166 numeric: 148

Top Level Domain: td

IOC country code: CHA


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 14,000

Cell Phones: 134,000

Radios: 2,740,000

TV: 27,000

Computer: 19,000

Internet users: 27,000


Paved roads: 569 km

Cars: 28,000

Pipelines: 205


Number of doctors: 1,820

Daily food intake: 2.290 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 280,000


Illiteracy: 51%


Foundation: 806

Last sovereign since: 1960


Main religious group: Muslims


Prison inmates: 4,200


Armed forces (troop strength): 30,000

Defense Spending: $ 74.7 million


Arriving by plane

There are no direct scheduled flights from Germany, Austria or Switzerland. Flights from Paris also with Air France (AF). Afriqiyah Airways (8U) (Internet: flies to N’Djamena via Tripoli. Chad is also served by Cameroon Airlines (UY) and Ethiopian Airlines (ET).

Departure fee

5000 CFA Fr (tourist tax) and 3000 CFA Fr (security fee). Transit travelers are exempt from this.

Arrival by car

Road connections to the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria and Niger. The currently best road leads from N’Djamena to Bangui (Central African Republic) via Bongor, Lai, Doba, Gore (border) and Bossangoa (preferable to the route via Sarh). The road to Niger is in poor condition. The overland route from Maiduguri in Nigeria runs through a narrow strip of Cameroon; the border between Cameroon and Chad is formed by the Logone River, which flows into Lake Chad. You can cross over by boat (there is no bridge). Armed attacks have been reported in the border areas with Cameroon. The roads are often impassable during the rainy season.

Note:An entry permit is required for all prefectures in the country (except for the city of N’Djamena), which must already be applied for with the visa. It is issued very restrictively. Therefore, it is currently only possible to travel to N’Djamena by car via Kousseri (Cameroon).

Bus: Minibuses and bush taxis run between N’Djaména and Kousséri in Cameroon. There are irregular bus connections to the Central African Republic, Nigeria and Niger, but sometimes you have to change vehicles at the borders.

Arriving by train

No rail network available.


Traveling by plane

Domestic flights are currently only operated by private companies. Further information is available from the Direction de la Promotion Touristique (see addresses).

On the way by car / bus

The road network is in very poor condition. Driving outside of N’Djamena is only possible with four-wheel drive. The supply of fuel is currently not guaranteed nationwide. In addition, travel permits (Authorization de circuler) are required for all prefectures in the country. The travel permit must be applied for at the Chadian embassy together with the visa when entering the country by land.

Since there are only a few options for accommodation, food, petrol and repair shops, the government has restricted freedom of movement, especially in the northern and central parts of the country. This also applies to vehicle columns on the routes from Libya via Zouar and Faya-Largeau to N’Djamena and for the road from N’Djamena via Ati and Abéché to the Sudanese border. For trips to the north-east of the country, it is compulsory to bring a local guide with you.

Petrol is expensive. There is a dirt road from Maiduguri in Nigeria via Cameroon to N’Djamena that is heavily used by trucks. Their passability depends on the weather, among other things, between the end of July and the beginning of September you get stuck here, even with all-wheel drive vehicles. The road from N’Gaoundere (Cameroon) via Garoua, Maroua and the Wazza animal reserve to N’Djamena offers paved sections, but the unpaved sections make the road difficult to drive during the rainy season. Many other roads are in dire need of repairs.

Carnet de passage, international driver’s license and a fully comprehensive insurance for Chad.

Traveling in the city

The road network in the capital, N’Djamena, is relatively good, and rental cars with and without a driver are limited. Taxis run in the cities. Minibuses and taxis in N’Djamena charge unit fares. Taxi drivers expect a 10% tip.