Burundi Travel Overview
At a glance
Official language: French, Kirundi
Continent: East Africa
Travel information about Burundi
Burundi is located on Lake Tanganyika in the East African Rift Valley. The country has been ravaged by a long civil war – the 2003 ceasefire agreement is now fueling hope for peace.
According to Countryaah, Burundi is one of the smallest and most populous states in Africa. The country’s landscape is similar to its populous neighbor, Rwanda. Burundi lies in the midst of a beautiful mountain landscape and has a long shore border to Lake Tanganyika, which it shares with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire). Another neighboring state is Tanzania in the east.
For a long time, beginning in the mid- 1960s, there were civil war-like riots in Burundi. The war is already over, the news just hasn’t reached the rest of the world. However, the times of carefree peace (the time of eating the lotus) are long gone and the country is only slowly recovering from its war strains. Certain areas should be avoided when traveling, especially the area in and around the capital Bujumbura. Inquire in detail about the security situation at your responsible foreign office before you start your journey.
Travel to Burundi
Lake Tanganyika is certainly one of the natural highlights in Burundi. From there on, the landscape rises to a high plateau, which runs through the country at an altitude of 2,000 meters. The highest point in the small country is Mount Heha, also known as the Nebelgipfel, at 2,700 meters in the south of the country.
Located on the African rift valley, the landscape in Burundi is as varied as all countries on this continental fault line. Burundi’s main exports are cotton, tea and coffee – products that are all grown in the country itself. Enjoy a cup of fine, freshly roasted coffee in an area that few tourists have seen.
Official language: French, Kirundi
Franc (100 centimes)
ISO 4217 code
BIF / 108
Geo coordinates: S -3 ° -22′-23 ” E 29 ° 55 ‘8″
Highest mountain: Mount Heha (2,670 m)
Total area: 27,830 km²
Mainland: 25,650 km²
National border: 974 km
Dependency: Belgium until 1962
UN member since: 1962
Other political affiliation: African Union
Form of government: Presidential Republic
Export goods: Coffee, cotton, hides
BSP: $ 1,453,700,000
GDP: $ 1,254,100,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 7,508,700,000
Economic growth: 3.7%
GDP share of agriculture: 45.8%
GDP share of industry: 21%
GDP share of services: 33.2%
Inflation rate: 19%
State budget revenue: $ 263,000,000
State budget expenditure: $ 358,000,000
Export: $ 67,000,000
Import: $ 233,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 1,226,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 124,000,000
Electricity consumption: 166 million KWh
Oil consumption: 4,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 48.52%
Bovine: 352,000 pieces
Sheep: 230,000 pieces
Fishing: 8,600 t
Residents in cities: 613,000
Average age: 16.6 years
0-14 years: 46.3%
15-64 years: 51.1%
> 65 years: 2.6%
Population growth: 3.7%
Birth rate: 39.66 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 13.46 / 1,000 residents
Migration: 8.22 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.99
Fertility: 6.55 children / woman
Infant mortality: 63.13 ‰
Life expectancy men: 50.07 years
Life expectancy women: 51.58 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: BI
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: BDI
ISO 3166 numeric: 108
Top Level Domain: bi
IOC country code: BDI
UN / LOCODE: BI
Telephone connections: 33,000
Cell Phones: 98,000
Internet users: 32,000
Paved roads: 1,942 km
Number of doctors: 480
Daily food intake: 1,710 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 300,000
Last sovereign since: 1962
Main religious group: Christians
Prison inmates: 8,400
Armed forces (troop strength): 55,000
Defense Spending: $ 47.6 million
Arriving by plane
Burundi’s national airline Air Burundi (8Y) is not represented in Europe.
Other airlines that fly to Burundi are Air France (AF), KLM (KL). Ethiopian Airlines (ET) and Kenya Airways (KQ). Lufthansa (LH) flies to Bujumbura in
codeshare with Brussels Airlines (SN).
US $ 20.
Arrival by car
Acceptable roads lead from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda to Burundi. You should only travel to Rwanda as part of a UN convoy, as there are always raids. The road link to the Democratic Republic of the Congo may be closed without long-term notice. The road connection from Tanzania is poor. Areas near the border can be very dangerous.
Arrival by ship
Freight and passenger ship connections on Lake Tanganyika between Kigoma (Tanzania) and Bujumbura, if the political situation permits; also from Bujumbura to Kalemi (Democratic Republic of the Congo) and Mpulungu (Zambia). There are three different deck classes. The departure times are not always respected.
ON THE GO
Traveling by plane
There is no domestic air traffic.
On the way by car / bus
Most of the roads are paved. From Bujumbura, larger roads lead east to Muramvya (former royal city) and south towards Gitega. The roads to Kayanza, Ngozi and Kirundo can be extremely dangerous (robbery) and are often closed during military operations. Many main streets are closed after 4:00 p.m. Due to the unstable political situation, it is currently not recommended to stay outside of Bujumbura. Most of the roads are hardly passable during the rainy season.
Rental cars: available in Bujumbura, vehicles can also be rented at petrol stations.
Documentation: international driver’s license.
Traveling in the city
Regular buses run in and around Bujumbura and in larger cities. Minibuses are often cheaper and less crowded than shared taxis. Drivers wait for a full load before leaving. Public transport outside of Bujumbura should be considered dangerous.
Taxi: Tanus-tanus (truck taxis) tend to be overcrowded.