Bulgaria Travel Overview

Bulgaria Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Sofia (See more on ITYPEJOB.COM)

Official language: Bulgarian

Currency: Lev 1BGN = 0.51EUR

Continent: Eastern Europe

Vacation in Bulgaria

Vacation on the Black Sea

Long beaches and chess grandmasters. In addition to these well-known sides, Bulgaria has many other unknown faces.


According to Countryaah, Bulgaria is located on the Balkan Peninsula and borders Romania in the north, Turkey and Greece in the south, Serbia and Macedonia in the west and the Black Sea in the east. The Danube flows over 200 km in the north along the border with Romania.
In addition to international flights, bus or train, you can also reach Bulgaria by ship. You can book cheap river cruises from Passau, Vienna or Budapest.


The country lies on the Black Sea, whose long beaches are increasingly being discovered by tourists from all over Europe. Furthermore, the country is criss-crossed by the Balkan Mountains, which are ideal for hiking trips.


Remember that in Bulgaria corruption is a major but tolerated problem across the country. Often it is better to pay than to wait for hours at so-called “road blocks”.


Orthodox churches have long existed in the Balkans. Many fell victim to communism. In Bulgaria, some survived this time. The Aleksander Nevski Cathedral in Sofia – the capital of the country and the Cathedral of Varna – a port city on the Black Sea with many sights are worth seeing.

useful information

Did you know that 33 chess grandmasters have come from Bulgaria since the 1970s? Playing chess has a long tradition in the country south of the Danube.

Important facts

Capital: Sofia

Official language: Bulgarian


Currency (sub-unit)

Lev (100 stotinki)

ISO 4217 code

BGN / 975


Continent: Europe

Region: east

Geo coordinates: N 42 ° 44 ‘2 ” E 25 ° 29’ 9″

Highest mountain: Musala (2,925 m)

Total area: 110,910 km²

Mainland: 110,550 km²

National border: 1,808 km

Coastline: 354 km


Dependency: Ottoman Empire until 1878

UN member since: 1955

Form of government: People’s Socialist Republic

Houses of Parliament: unikameral

Party system: A lot of

State building: centralized

Political culture: Subject culture


Bulgaria GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Mining, machinery, tobacco, wines

BSP: $ 30.855 billion

GDP: $ 33,571,200,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 85,220,000,000

Economic growth: 5.7%

GDP share of agriculture: 9%

GDP share of industry: 31%

GDP share of services: 60%

Inflation rate: 4.6%

Unemployment: 10.8%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 33.5%

Export: $ 14,060,000,000

Import: $ 16,460,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 14,660,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 10,270,000,000

Electricity consumption: 31,060 million KWh

Gas reserves: 5,947 million m³

Gas production: 1 million m³

Gas consumption: 5,350 million m³

Oil reserves: 8 million m³

Oil production: 3,500 million m³

Oil consumption: 109,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 30.06%

Bovine: 650,000 pieces

Pigs: 993,000 pieces

Sheep: 2,670,000 pieces

Fishing: 74,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 7,385,400

Residents in cities: 5,137,000

Minorities: 9.4% Turks, 4.7% Roma

Average age: 40.8 years

0-14 years: 13.9%

15-64 years: 68.7%

> 65 years: 17.4%

Population growth: -0.86%

Birth rate: 9.66 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 14.27 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 4.01 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.93

Fertility: 1.38 children / woman

Infant mortality: 19.85 ‰

Life expectancy men: 68.68 years

Life expectancy women: 76.13 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: BG

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: BGR

ISO 3166 numeric: 100

Top Level Domain: bg

IOC country code: BUL


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 3,210,000

Cell Phones: 2,810,000

Radios: 4,520,000

TV: 3,810,000

Computer: 824,000

Internet users: 1,273,000


Railway lines: 4,294 km

Paved roads: 94,424 km

of which expressways: 328 km

Cars: 2,489,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 75

Pipelines: 2,920


Number of doctors: 27,300

Daily food intake: 2,640 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 300


Illiteracy: 1 %


Foundation: 679

Last sovereign since: 1878


Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: Bulgarian Orthodox


Prison inmates: 10,900


Armed forces (troop strength): 43,000

Main battle tank: 1,440

Battleships: 1

Submarines: 1

Warplanes: 160

Helicopter: 100


Arriving by plane

Bulgaria’s national airline is called Bulgaria Air (FB) (Internet: http://www.air.bg/en).

Other airlines that have Bulgaria in their program are Aeroflot (SU), Alitalia (AZ), Austrian Airlines (OS), Bulgaria Air (FB), Czech Airlines (CSA), El Al Israel Airlines (LY), Lufthansa (LH), LOT Polish Airlines (LO), Swiss (LX), British Airways (BA) and Air France (AF).

Flight times

Frankfurt – Sofia: 2 hours 15 minutes; Munich – Sofia: 2 hours 05 minutes; Vienna – Sofia: 1 hour 40 minutes; Zurich – Sofia: 2 hours 10 minutes

Arrival by car

Cars and passengers in pass via Greece (Koulata, Novo Selo), Romania (Ruse, Kardom, Durankulak, Silistra), Turkey (Svilengrad, Kapitan Andrikeevo), Serbia (Kalotina, Zlatarevo, Vrashkachuka) and Macedonia (Guyeschevo) to Bulgaria. Foreign vehicle owners must be able to show the necessary papers when entering Bulgaria.

Long-distance bus:
Eurolines buses (Internet: www.eurolines.com) travel from Germany and Austria to Bulgaria.

Arriving by train

There are no direct trains from Bulgaria to Western Europe, but there are scheduled connections from Sofia to Hungary (Budapest), the Republic of Serbia (Belgrade), Croatia (Zagreb), Romania (Bucharest), Greece (Thessaloniki) and Turkey (Istanbul) with dining car on all routes. It is best to buy first class tickets.
The Transbalkans connects Sofia with Thessaloniki and Bucharest.
Other international trains operate on the routes Swilengrad – Athens, Plovdiv – Sofia – Belgrade and Sofia – Thessaloniki – Athens

Discounts for rail travel in Europe:

InterRail:Children (4-11 years), adolescents (12-25 years) and adults (26 years and over) who have had a permanent residence in Europe, the CIS or Turkey for at least 6 months can use InterRail.

The InterRail One-Country Pass is available for travel in almost 30 European countries including Macedonia and Turkey and is valid for 3, 4, 6, 8 days within 1 month in one country. Children aged 4-11 travel at half the adult price.

The InterRail Global Passenables travel through several countries and is offered with different validity periods. Either 5 days out of 10 days total validity or 10 out of 22 can be selected. A continuous period of 22 days or 1 month is also possible.

Arrival by ship

The Danube (Internet: www.danube-river.org) connects Bulgaria with the other Danube countries. There is a direct connection to Central and Western Europe via the Danube. Ruse is the largest port on the Danube. There are border crossings to Romania on the Danube between Vidin and Calafat (ferry) and Ruse and Giurgiu (bridge). Bulgaria’s main international ports on the Black Sea are Varna and Burgas. There are regular ferry services from Varna and Burgas to Ilichovsk in Ukraine, the Russian Federation and the Mediterranean.