Bosnia and Herzegovina Travel Overview

Bosnia and Herzegovina Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Sarajevo (See more on ITYPEJOB.COM)

Official language: Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian

Currency: Convertible Mark

Continent: Southern Europe

Vacation in Bosnia Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a beautiful country with confusing natural landscapes, diverse cultures and traditions.

Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of the Republika Srpska (Serbian Republic) and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian Muslims and Croats). In addition, there is the jointly managed Brcko district. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of ten cantons, which have extensive autonomy. Bosnia and Herzegovina borders Serbia in the east, Montenegro in the southeast, Croatia in the north, west and southwest and the Mediterranean Sea for a few kilometers near Neum.

Geography Bosnia and Herzegovina

According to Countryaah, Bosnia and Herzegovina covers around 50,000 km2. The north and the center of the country are called Bosnia. The name is said to come from the old Indo-European word “bosana”, which means water. The southern part of the country around the ancient Hum region, which was ruled by Duke Stjepan Kosača after the Ottomans conquered it, is called Herzegovina.

Travel time to Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina can be visited at any time of the year. Spring and summer are the most classic travel times as the warm seasons with lots of sun. Skiing is perfect in winter. In 1984 the Winter Olympics took place in Sarajevo. January to March is the best time to ski in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Olympic mountains Bjelašnica, Igman and Jahorina are ideal for skiing. If you want to avoid the stress, October and November are ideal. Orange, yellow and red tones that completely cover the woods bring an autumn mood.

Sights and travel destinations in Bosnia and Herzegovina

The main destinations are Mostar and Sarajevo. Sights are the Old Bridge of Mostar, magnificent historical church buildings and mosques and the winter sports areas around Sarajevo (Jahorina, Bjelašnica). You can go rafting and kayaking on the Neretva, Una and Drina rivers. Near Mostar is the pilgrimage site Međugorje, which became famous in the 1980s for the apparitions of Mary.

In the region around Sarajevo you can visit Bjelašnica and Igman, Lukomir / Umoljani, Jahorina, Ilidža, the Sutjeska National Park, the upper Drina Valley or the Rakitnica Gorge. Sunny Herzegovina has tourist highlights of Mostar, Međugorje, Neum, Lake Boračko, Blidinje Nature Park and the Hutovo Blato bird reserve. Central Bosnia invites you to visit the Vlašić Mountains and the Tajan Nature Park. The untouched northwest is home to Banja Luka, the area around the Pliva river, the Bardača bird reserve, the Una river and the Prijedor / Kozara National Park. In northeastern Bosnia, Tuzla and eastern Posavina should be mentioned.

Nature vacation Bosnia Herzegovina

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, bears, wolves, chamois and eagles can be found, which can also be observed. Breathtaking landscapes invite you to go hiking and mountain biking. The untouched nature and mountainous wilderness that are characteristic of the central Dinaric Alps are a paradise for nature lovers and adventure seekers.

City vacation Sarajevo

Sarajevo is the city that is changing the fastest in Europe. Its history has taken on influences from east and west tradition and enchants with its oriental old town and the lively Austro-Hungarian city center. With new hotels (Hotel Sarajevo) and a lively nightlife there is no boredom. Sarajevo Airport has direct connections to Vienna, Zagreb, Milan, Frankfurt, Munich, Budapest, Ljubljana, Istanbul and Prague.

Eat and drink

The traditional cuisine of Bosnia and Herzegovine consists largely of meat dishes and the portions are plentiful and large. A major influence comes from Turkish cuisine. Specialties include Bosanski Lonac, Ćevapi (Cevapcici), Lokum (Turkish honey), Pita (Pide). There are also Sogan Dolma, Somun, Japrak, Baklava, Halva, Burek, Sarma and much more. The local alcoholic drinks in Bosnia and Herzegovina taste excellent, regardless of whether they are made from plums, pears, apples or grapes. They are usually very strong and with an alcohol content of more than 40%. Slivovitz (plum schnapps) and pear schnapps are classic for Bosnia. The specialty of Herzegovina and Dalmatia is brandy.

Important facts

Capital: Sarajevo

Official language: Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian


Currency (sub-unit)

Convertible Mark (100 Fening)

ISO 4217 code

BAM / 977


Continent: Europe

Region: south

Geo coordinates: N 43 ° 54 ‘57.2 “E 17 ° 40’ 44.7”

Highest mountain: Maglic (2,386 m)

Total area: 51,129 km²

Mainland: 50,089 km²

National border: 1,459 km

Coastline: 20 km


Dependency: Yugoslavia until 1992

UN member since: 1992

Form of government: Parliamentary republic

Houses of Parliament: bikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: federal

Political culture: parochial

Particularities: The political system of Bosnia-Herzegovina is strongly structured according to the three dominant ethnic groups. There are three presidents with equal rights, two different types of judiciary and de facto autonomy for the two member states before the central state.


Bosnia GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Meat, skins, asbestos

BSP: $ 9,687,600,000

GDP: $ 10,471,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 24,103,000,000

Economic growth: 5.4%

Inflation rate: 5%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

Export: $ 3,300,000,000

Import: $ 7.1 billion

Foreign debt: $ 3,360,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 2,748,000,000

Electricity consumption: 9,378 million KWh

Gas consumption: 160 million m³

Oil consumption: 24,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 22.19%

Bovine: 470,000 pieces

Pigs: 350,000 pieces

Sheep: 740,000 pieces

Fishing: 2,800 t

Demographic data

Residents: 4,499,000

Residents in cities: 1,759,200

Average age: 38.4 years

0-14 years: 15.5%

15-64 years: 70.1%

> 65 years: 14.4%

Population growth: 1.35%

Birth rate: 12.49 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 8.27 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 13.01 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.97

Fertility: 1.22 children / woman

Infant mortality: 9.82 ‰

Life expectancy men: 74.39 years

Life expectancy women: 81.88 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: BA

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: BIH

ISO 3166 numeric: 70

Top Level Domain: ba

IOC country code: BIH


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 1,060,000

Cell Phones: 1,250,000

Radios: 1,140,000

TV: 730,000

Computer: 260,000

Internet users: 380,000


Railway lines: 908 km

Paved roads: 11,425 km


Number of doctors: 5,400

Daily food intake: 3,030 kcal / resident


Illiteracy: 4%


Foundation: 1992

Last sovereign since: 1992


Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: Muslim (44%), Serbian Orthodox (32%), Roman Catholic (14%)


Prison inmates: 2,800

Defense Spending: $ 328,000,000