Official language: English
Continent: Central North America
Culture and vacation in the Caribbean
Belize gives you the opportunity to explore Central America without speaking Spanish.
According to Countryaah, Belize was once under British colonial rule, which is why English is still a common lingua franca in the country. The state borders Mexico, Guatemala, and the Caribbean Sea.
Belize offers them good leisure opportunities and destinations. However, if you are not interested in Maya architecture, then simply return to the Caribbean sandy beach.
Located in the Caribbean Sea, you can count on pleasantly warm water all year round. The area is therefore ideal for diving and sailing trips and beach holidays. The region is also very popular among deep-sea fishermen.
Alternative name: British hondras
Official language: English
Dollars (100 cents)
ISO 4217 code
BZD / 084
Continent: North America
Geo coordinates: N 17 ° 11 ‘23.6 ” W -88 ° -29’ -51.5″
Highest mountain: Victoria Peak (1,160 m)
Total area: 22,960 km²
Mainland: 22,800 km²
National border: 516 km
Coastline: 386 km
Dependency: Great Britain until 1981
UN member since: 1981
Other political affiliation: Commonwealth
Form of government: Parliamentary republic
Export goods: Palm oil, peanuts, coffee
BSP: $ 1,687,800,000
GDP: $ 1,744,100,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 2,573,000,000
Economic growth: 4%
Inflation rate: 3.2%
State budget revenue: $ 28.9 billion
State budget expenditure: $ 363,000,000
Export: $ 396,000,000
Import: $ 686,000,000
Electricity consumption: 128 million KWh
Oil consumption: 6,700 million m³
Cultivation area: 4.41%
Bovine: 56,500 pieces
Pigs: 23,400 pieces
Fishing: 23,000 t
Residents in cities: 140,100
Average age: 19.6 years
0-14 years: 39.5%
15-64 years: 57%
> 65 years: 3.5%
Population growth: 2.31%
Birth rate: 29.34 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 5.72 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 1.03
Fertility: 3.6 Children / woman
Infant mortality: 24.89 ‰
Life expectancy men: 66.43 years
Life expectancy women: 70.26 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: BZ
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: BLZ
ISO 3166 numeric: 84
Top Level Domain: bz
IOC country code: BIZ
UN / LOCODE: BZ
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 285
Number of doctors: 180
Daily food intake: 2,900 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 4,100
Last sovereign since: 1981
Main religious group: Christians
Prison inmates: 1,100
Defense Spending: $ 20,400,000
Arriving by plane
Belize does not have its own national airline.
National and US airlines fly from Europe.
Departure fee: US $ 19 (overland) and US $ 37.50 (by plane).
Arrival by car
There are connecting roads to Chetumal on the Mexican border and to Melchor de Mencos (Guatemala). There are regular bus services to Belize City every hour and half hour. Border fees may apply. There are bus connections from the US border cities via Cancun, Mexico City and Chetumal.
Note on arriving by car
If you leave the country by land, fees of US $ 18.75 apply.
Arrival by ship
The main ports are Belize City, Corozal, Dangriga, Punta Gorda and San Pedro. Cruise ships dock in Belize City. There are regular connections by water taxi between Punta Gorda (in the south of Belize) and Puerto Barrios (Guatemala) and a connection from Livingston. A water taxi also operates between Punta Gorda and Puerto Cortes (Honduras).
ON THE GO
Flight time Belmopan ?? San Pedro (Ambergris Caye): 20-30 min.
Traveling by plane
Scheduled flights connect the larger cities every day. Maya Island Air (MW) (Internet: www.mayaislandair.com) and Tropic Air (PM) (Internet: www.tropicair.com) fly daily from Belize City to San Pedro (Ambergris Caye) and all major locations. Small planes can be rented. The 25 runways in Belize can be reached by charter flight. Various charter services fly from Belize City to the more remote regions.
Note: Belize’s private airlines do not currently meet ICAO safety standards and are therefore classified as Category 2.
Note on air travel
Flight time: Belmopan – San Pedro (Ambergris Caye): 20-30 min.
On the way by car / bus
The road network covers a total of 2900 km. The four main thoroughfares are:
– Northern Highway: from Belize City via Corozal to Mexico;
– Western Highway: from Belize City via Belmopan and San Ignacio / Santa Elena to Guatemala;
– Hummingbird Highway: from Belmopan to Dangriga;
– Southern Highway: from Dangriga to Punta Gorda.
Most of the back roads are unpaved and regularly impassable during the rainy season, especially near the ferry ports. The road network is not as good as that of other Central American countries, but it is constantly being expanded, especially in the north. Driving overland after dark should be avoided. There are petrol stations on the main roads that connect Belize City with Mexico and Guatemala, and in larger cities. There is no breakdown assistance. Right-hand traffic.
Long-distance bus: There are daily, cheap bus connections to all major cities and to the Mexican and Guatemalan borders. These old American school buses are often overcrowded. Most long-distance buses are modern and air-conditioned.
Rental carinternational companies are available at the airport and in the capital.
Documents: Driving license from your own country for stays of up to three months. A local driver’s license is required for longer stays.
Out and about by ship
Boats run regularly from Belize City to Ambergris Caye, Caye Chapel and Caye Caulker, as well as from Placencia to Honduras and from Punta Gorda to Guatemala.