Belarus Travel Overview

Belarus Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Minsk (See more on ITYPEJOB.COM)

Official language: Belarusian

Currency: ruble

Continent: Eastern Europe

Land on the move

Chernobyl and the Orange Revolution – Belarus is at the crossroads between the old system and the dawn of a new era.


According to Countryaah, Belarus is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe that borders Poland, Ukraine, Russia, Latvia, and Lithuania. The country has its own language ” Belarusian “, which some call the “more beautiful Russian”, but in recent years it has increasingly given way to Russian from Moscow.

useful information

You need a visa to enter Belarus. You can fly to the country from Berlin, Hanover, Frankfurt and Vienna.
Although Belarus is located close to the EU, there are different ideas about transport, administration and public relations in the country. Some of the roads are in a desolate state. Therefore drive particularly carefully at night.
No matter where and how you travel, make travel arrangements.

Important facts

Capital: Minsk

Official language: Belarusian


Currency (sub-unit)

Rubles (100 coupons)

ISO 4217 code

BYR / 974


Continent: Europe

Region: east

Geo coordinates: N 53 ° 42 ‘35.3 “E 27 ° 57’ 12.2”

Highest mountain: Jarschynskaya Hara (346 m)

Total area: 207,600 km²

Mainland: 206,520 km²

National border: 2,900 km


Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991

UN member since: 1945

Other political affiliation: CIS

Form of government: Republic (authoritarian dictatorship)

Houses of Parliament: bikameral

Party system: A lot (but insignificant)

State building: centralized

Political culture: Subject culture


Belarus GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Machines, metals, chem. Products

BSP: $ 30,576,000,000

GDP: $ 31,922,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 73,550,000,000

Economic growth: 7.3%

GDP share of agriculture: 8.8%

GDP share of industry: 30.2%

GDP share of services: 61%

Inflation rate: 8.6%

Unemployment: 1.4%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

Export: $ 22,170,000,000

Import: $ 21,280,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 5,328,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 1,647,000,000

Electricity consumption: 34,300 million KWh

Gas production: 250 million m³

Gas consumption: 22,100 million m³

Oil production: 35,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 253,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 27.14%

Bovine: 3,691,000 pieces

Pigs: 3,111,000 pieces

Sheep: 400,000 pieces

Demographic data

Residents: 10,293,000

Residents in cities: 7,264,200

Minorities: Russians, Poles, Ukrainians

Average age: 37.2 years

0-14 years: 15.7%

15-64 years: 69.7%

> 65 years: 14.6%

Population growth: -0.06%

Birth rate: 11.16 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 14.02 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 2.3 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.88

Fertility: 1.43 children / woman

Infant mortality: 13 ‰

Life expectancy men: 63.47 years

Life expectancy women: 74.98 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: BY

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: BLR

ISO 3166 numeric: 112

Top Level Domain: by

IOC country code: BLR


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 3,364,000

Cell Phones: 2,622,000

Radios: 3,100,000

TV: 4,140,000

Computer: 1,980,000

Internet users: 2,250,000


Railway lines: 5,512 km

Paved roads: 94,123 km

Cars: 1,627,000

Pipelines: 9,352


Number of doctors: 45,570

Daily food intake: 2.990 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 15,000



Foundation: 1991

Last sovereign since: 1991


Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: Russian Orthodox


Prison inmates: 52,100


Armed forces (troop strength): 71,000

Main battle tank: 1,660

Warplanes: 140

Helicopter: 70

Defense Spending: $ 420,500,000


Arriving by plane

The national airline is called Belavia (B2) (Internet: and offers flights from Berlin, Frankfurt aM, Hanover and Vienna to Minsk.

Scheduled flights to Minsk are offered by Lufthansa (LH) (non-stop flight) and Austrian Airlines (OS) (non-stop from Vienna). There are no direct flights from Switzerland (connections via Vienna or Frankfurt / M.).

Flight times

Frankfurt – Minsk: 2 hours 20 (non-stop); Vienna – Minsk: 2 hours (non-stop); Zurich – Minsk: 4 hours 25.

Departure fee


Arrival by car

Border crossings exist at the borders with Poland, Lithuania, the Russian Federation and Ukraine. Waiting times at the border crossings are normal.

Bus: Eurolines buses (Internet: travel from Germany to Belarus.

Car : Anyone entering with their own car should register their visa the first time they spend the night in a hotel, motel or campsite. A certificate of ownership from a lawyer for the car must be presented at the border. Passengers traveling by car must undertake in writing on entry to take out the vehicle again and take out Belarusian vehicle insurance for the duration of their stay. There are insurance branches at border crossings and in larger cities. The international green insurance card is not valid, many insurance companies issue a special certificate. Short comprehensive insurance should also be taken out. International driver’s license required. Gas stations accept cash and credit cards.

You can pay with cash or credit card at petrol stations. It is advisable to always have a canister with you in reserve. A maximum of one tank of fuel can be imported duty-free in canisters. The supply of petrol stations and service facilities is best guaranteed on the main routes (European roads). Three main routes run through Belarus: Brest – Minsk – Smolensk – Moscow – Tver – St. Petersburg – Vyborg; Brest – Minsk – Vilnius – Riga – Tallinn – St. Petersburg – Vyborg and Berlin – Warsaw – Brest – Minsk. Further information on documents and regulations for traveling by car from Olympia Reisen (see addresses) or the German and Austrian automobile clubs.

Arriving by train

There are several connections from Berlin via Warsaw and Brest with connections to Minsk. There is also a connection from Vienna via Warsaw and Brest. Other direct trains or through coaches are available from other Western and Eastern European cities. Most trains are equipped with sleeping cars.

Night train connection:
EuroNight: Amsterdam – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Dortmund – Hamm – Warsaw – Minsk – Moscow.