Belarus Travel Overview
Official language: Belarusian
Continent: Eastern Europe
Land on the move
Chernobyl and the Orange Revolution – Belarus is at the crossroads between the old system and the dawn of a new era.
According to Countryaah, Belarus is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe that borders Poland, Ukraine, Russia, Latvia, and Lithuania. The country has its own language ” Belarusian “, which some call the “more beautiful Russian”, but in recent years it has increasingly given way to Russian from Moscow.
You need a visa to enter Belarus. You can fly to the country from Berlin, Hanover, Frankfurt and Vienna.
Although Belarus is located close to the EU, there are different ideas about transport, administration and public relations in the country. Some of the roads are in a desolate state. Therefore drive particularly carefully at night.
No matter where and how you travel, make travel arrangements.
Official language: Belarusian
Rubles (100 coupons)
ISO 4217 code
BYR / 974
Geo coordinates: N 53 ° 42 ‘35.3 “E 27 ° 57’ 12.2”
Highest mountain: Jarschynskaya Hara (346 m)
Total area: 207,600 km²
Mainland: 206,520 km²
National border: 2,900 km
Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991
UN member since: 1945
Other political affiliation: CIS
Form of government: Republic (authoritarian dictatorship)
Houses of Parliament: bikameral
Party system: A lot (but insignificant)
State building: centralized
Political culture: Subject culture
Export goods: Machines, metals, chem. Products
BSP: $ 30,576,000,000
GDP: $ 31,922,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 73,550,000,000
Economic growth: 7.3%
GDP share of agriculture: 8.8%
GDP share of industry: 30.2%
GDP share of services: 61%
Inflation rate: 8.6%
State budget revenue: $ 4294967295
State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295
Export: $ 22,170,000,000
Import: $ 21,280,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 5,328,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 1,647,000,000
Electricity consumption: 34,300 million KWh
Gas production: 250 million m³
Gas consumption: 22,100 million m³
Oil production: 35,000 million m³
Oil consumption: 253,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 27.14%
Bovine: 3,691,000 pieces
Pigs: 3,111,000 pieces
Sheep: 400,000 pieces
Residents in cities: 7,264,200
Minorities: Russians, Poles, Ukrainians
Average age: 37.2 years
0-14 years: 15.7%
15-64 years: 69.7%
> 65 years: 14.6%
Population growth: -0.06%
Birth rate: 11.16 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 14.02 / 1,000 residents
Migration: 2.3 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.88
Fertility: 1.43 children / woman
Infant mortality: 13 ‰
Life expectancy men: 63.47 years
Life expectancy women: 74.98 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: BY
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: BLR
ISO 3166 numeric: 112
Top Level Domain: by
IOC country code: BLR
UN / LOCODE: BY
Telephone connections: 3,364,000
Cell Phones: 2,622,000
Internet users: 2,250,000
Railway lines: 5,512 km
Paved roads: 94,123 km
Number of doctors: 45,570
Daily food intake: 2.990 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 15,000
Last sovereign since: 1991
Main religious group: Christians
Distribution of religions: Russian Orthodox
Prison inmates: 52,100
Armed forces (troop strength): 71,000
Main battle tank: 1,660
Defense Spending: $ 420,500,000
Arriving by plane
The national airline is called Belavia (B2) (Internet: www.belavia.by) and offers flights from Berlin, Frankfurt aM, Hanover and Vienna to Minsk.
Scheduled flights to Minsk are offered by Lufthansa (LH) (non-stop flight) and Austrian Airlines (OS) (non-stop from Vienna). There are no direct flights from Switzerland (connections via Vienna or Frankfurt / M.).
Frankfurt – Minsk: 2 hours 20 (non-stop); Vienna – Minsk: 2 hours (non-stop); Zurich – Minsk: 4 hours 25.
Arrival by car
Border crossings exist at the borders with Poland, Lithuania, the Russian Federation and Ukraine. Waiting times at the border crossings are normal.
Bus: Eurolines buses (Internet: www.eurolines.com) travel from Germany to Belarus.
Car : Anyone entering with their own car should register their visa the first time they spend the night in a hotel, motel or campsite. A certificate of ownership from a lawyer for the car must be presented at the border. Passengers traveling by car must undertake in writing on entry to take out the vehicle again and take out Belarusian vehicle insurance for the duration of their stay. There are insurance branches at border crossings and in larger cities. The international green insurance card is not valid, many insurance companies issue a special certificate. Short comprehensive insurance should also be taken out. International driver’s license required. Gas stations accept cash and credit cards.
You can pay with cash or credit card at petrol stations. It is advisable to always have a canister with you in reserve. A maximum of one tank of fuel can be imported duty-free in canisters. The supply of petrol stations and service facilities is best guaranteed on the main routes (European roads). Three main routes run through Belarus: Brest – Minsk – Smolensk – Moscow – Tver – St. Petersburg – Vyborg; Brest – Minsk – Vilnius – Riga – Tallinn – St. Petersburg – Vyborg and Berlin – Warsaw – Brest – Minsk. Further information on documents and regulations for traveling by car from Olympia Reisen (see addresses) or the German and Austrian automobile clubs.
Arriving by train
There are several connections from Berlin via Warsaw and Brest with connections to Minsk. There is also a connection from Vienna via Warsaw and Brest. Other direct trains or through coaches are available from other Western and Eastern European cities. Most trains are equipped with sleeping cars.
Night train connection:
EuroNight: Amsterdam – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Dortmund – Hamm – Warsaw – Minsk – Moscow.