Azerbaijan Travel Overview

Azerbaijan Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Baku (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Azeri

Currency: Manat

Continent: West Asia

Neither Europe nor Asia

In Azerbaijan, your travel experience will be put to the test.


According to Countryaah, Azerbaijan, like Georgia and Armenia, is in the Caucasus. However, the population there is increasing rather than decreasing, in contrast to Georgia. Azerbaijan’s neighboring states are Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Turkey and Iran, where many Azerbaijani speakers live.

Information Azerbaijan

Traveling in Azerbaijan can be quite dangerous. It is especially advisable not to travel to the Nagorno-Karabakh region, as well as to the southwestern districts, as this is where the ceasefire line is located.

Holidays Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan is little developed for tourism. Hotels have only been built in the last few years. However, it can be very interesting as a travel destination, especially for individual travelers. The culture is neither really European nor entirely Asian. Baku, the country’s capital, has become a booming metropolis in recent years, and its historic city center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The cultural heritage status is intended to curb the rapid development a little, because no city in the Caucasus is so changing as Baku: stone houses stand next to skyscrapers and the latest Mercedes models are impatiently waiting for flocks of sheep to pass by.
Your trip to Azerbaijan will be most peaceful on the Caspian coastBe marine. Lenkeran is a small town known for its flowers, around the town of Masalli you will discover a wonderful view. But wherever you go, you should keep in mind that you are traveling in a Muslim country; ie avoid shorts as a man and cut-out dresses as a woman and generally noisy behavior in public.

Important facts

Capital: Baku

Official language: Azeri


Currency (sub-unit)

Manat (100 qapik)

ISO 4217 code

AZN / 944


Continent: Asia

Region: west

Geo coordinates: N 40 ° 8 ‘35.2 “E 47 ° 34’ 36.9”

Highest mountain: Bazarduzu Dagi (4,485 m)

Total area: 86,600 km²

Mainland: 86,100 km²

National border: 2,013 km

Coastline: 800 km


Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991

UN member since: 1992


Azerbaijan GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Petroleum, natural gas, food

BSP: $ 10,286,000,000

GDP: $ 12,872,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 41.88 billion

Economic growth: 22.2%

Inflation rate: 11%

Unemployment: 1.2%

State budget revenue: $ 3.410 billion

State budget expenditure: $ 326 billion

National debt: 9.6%

Export: $ 7,650,000,000

Import: $ 5,458,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 1,931,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 1,626,000,000

Electricity consumption: 24,830 million KWh

Gas reserves: 849,500 million m³

Gas production: 4,890 million m³

Gas consumption: 9,580 million m³

Oil reserves: 589 million m³

Oil production: 516,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 130,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 23.19%

Bovine: 2,360,000 pieces

Sheep: 7,460,000 pieces

Fishing: 11,500 t

Demographic data

Residents: 7,961,700

Residents in cities: 4,032,000

Average age: 27.7 years

0-14 years: 25.8%

15-64 years: 66.3%

> 65 years: 7.9%

Population growth: 0.66%

Birth rate: 20.4 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 9.75 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -4.38 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.94

Fertility: 2.46 children / woman

Infant mortality: 79 ‰

Life expectancy men: 59.78 years

Life expectancy women: 68.13 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: AZ

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: AZE

ISO 3166 numeric: 31

Top Level Domain: az

IOC country code: AZE


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 1,160,000

Cell Phones: 1,297,000

Radios: 2,610,000

TV: 2,450,000

Computer: 410,000

Internet users: 560,000


Railway lines: 2,957 km

Paved roads: 13,689 km

of which expressways: 128 km

Cars: 422,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 84

Pipelines: 5,969


Number of doctors: 28,300

Daily food intake: 2,510 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 1,600


Illiteracy: 1 %


Foundation: 1991

Last sovereign since: 1991


Main religious group: Muslims


Prison inmates: 16,500


Armed forces (troop strength): 63,000

Main battle tank: 230

Battleships: 1

Warplanes: 50

Helicopter: 20


Arriving by plane

The national airline is called Azerbaijan Airlines (J2) (Internet: It offers direct flights to Berlin, Frankfurt, Vienna, Paris, Milan and London. Lufthansa (LH)

fly from Europe to Baku directly from Frankfurt and in cooperation with other airlines via Kiev or Vienna, Turkish Airlines via Istanbul and Austrian Airlines directly from Vienna . Flights on the Moscow – Baku and St. Petersburg – Baku routes are often delayed or canceled.

Ukraine International (PS) flies from Geneva and Zurich via Kiev to Baku.

Flight times

Frankfurt – Baku: 4 hours 35; Vienna – Baku: 3 hours 40.

Departure fee


Arrival by car

Car: There are routes from Azerbaijan to Iran, Georgia and the Russian Federation. There are often long delays at the borders, so public transport is sometimes faster.

There are regular bus connections on the following routes: Baku-Tehran, Baku-Tbilisi and Baku-Derbent (Russian Federation).

Arriving by train

There are connections to Tbilisi in Georgia and Makhachkala (Dagestan) in the Russian Federation, as well as to Moscow and major cities in the former Soviet republics.

Arrival by ship

Passenger ferries run regularly across the Caspian Sea from Baku to Krasnovodsk (Turkmenistan) and to the Iranian port cities of Bandar Anzali and Bandar Nowshar. In winter, ferry traffic is sometimes temporarily suspended due to poor weather conditions.


Traveling by plane

Azerbaijan Airlines (AZAL) (Internet: offers several flights between Baku and the Azeri enclave of Naxcivan, as well as connections between Baku and Gence.

On the way by car / bus

The road network covers a total of 57,770 km. Many roads are in poor condition; All-wheel drive is recommended for trips into the mountains. Roads are often not lit at night, and many local drivers do not obey traffic regulations.

Rental Cars:
Some international rental companies have offices in Baku.

Traffic regulations:

No alcohol at the wheel.
Right-hand traffic.


International driver’s license or EU driver’s license. It is recommended that you have a copy of your passport with you as the police will occasionally do ID checks.

In general, the bus is the best mode of transport for traveling around the country. Buses are usually very old and lacking comfort, but you can get around faster with them than with the train.

Traveling in the city

You should only use official taxis and not share them with strangers. The fares should be agreed in advance, the prices mentioned at the beginning are usually set too high.

Baku has a 28 km long two-line metro system that connects the center with the suburbs. That’s why most visitors prefer to use taxis or private cars.

There are buses that go from Baku to the suburbs, but they are mostly overcrowded.

On the go by train

Train connections are slow but cheap.

On the way by ship

There is a sporadic connection by ship between Baku and the city of Lenkeran in the south.