Azerbaijan Travel Overview
Official language: Azeri
Continent: West Asia
Neither Europe nor Asia
In Azerbaijan, your travel experience will be put to the test.
According to Countryaah, Azerbaijan, like Georgia and Armenia, is in the Caucasus. However, the population there is increasing rather than decreasing, in contrast to Georgia. Azerbaijan’s neighboring states are Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Turkey and Iran, where many Azerbaijani speakers live.
Traveling in Azerbaijan can be quite dangerous. It is especially advisable not to travel to the Nagorno-Karabakh region, as well as to the southwestern districts, as this is where the ceasefire line is located.
Azerbaijan is little developed for tourism. Hotels have only been built in the last few years. However, it can be very interesting as a travel destination, especially for individual travelers. The culture is neither really European nor entirely Asian. Baku, the country’s capital, has become a booming metropolis in recent years, and its historic city center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The cultural heritage status is intended to curb the rapid development a little, because no city in the Caucasus is so changing as Baku: stone houses stand next to skyscrapers and the latest Mercedes models are impatiently waiting for flocks of sheep to pass by.
Your trip to Azerbaijan will be most peaceful on the Caspian coastBe marine. Lenkeran is a small town known for its flowers, around the town of Masalli you will discover a wonderful view. But wherever you go, you should keep in mind that you are traveling in a Muslim country; ie avoid shorts as a man and cut-out dresses as a woman and generally noisy behavior in public.
Official language: Azeri
Manat (100 qapik)
ISO 4217 code
AZN / 944
Geo coordinates: N 40 ° 8 ‘35.2 “E 47 ° 34’ 36.9”
Highest mountain: Bazarduzu Dagi (4,485 m)
Total area: 86,600 km²
Mainland: 86,100 km²
National border: 2,013 km
Coastline: 800 km
Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991
UN member since: 1992
Export goods: Petroleum, natural gas, food
BSP: $ 10,286,000,000
GDP: $ 12,872,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 41.88 billion
Economic growth: 22.2%
Inflation rate: 11%
State budget revenue: $ 3.410 billion
State budget expenditure: $ 326 billion
National debt: 9.6%
Export: $ 7,650,000,000
Import: $ 5,458,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 1,931,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 1,626,000,000
Electricity consumption: 24,830 million KWh
Gas reserves: 849,500 million m³
Gas production: 4,890 million m³
Gas consumption: 9,580 million m³
Oil reserves: 589 million m³
Oil production: 516,000 million m³
Oil consumption: 130,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 23.19%
Bovine: 2,360,000 pieces
Sheep: 7,460,000 pieces
Fishing: 11,500 t
Residents in cities: 4,032,000
Average age: 27.7 years
0-14 years: 25.8%
15-64 years: 66.3%
> 65 years: 7.9%
Population growth: 0.66%
Birth rate: 20.4 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 9.75 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -4.38 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.94
Fertility: 2.46 children / woman
Infant mortality: 79 ‰
Life expectancy men: 59.78 years
Life expectancy women: 68.13 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: AZ
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: AZE
ISO 3166 numeric: 31
Top Level Domain: az
IOC country code: AZE
UN / LOCODE: AZ
Telephone connections: 1,160,000
Cell Phones: 1,297,000
Internet users: 560,000
Railway lines: 2,957 km
Paved roads: 13,689 km
of which expressways: 128 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 84
Number of doctors: 28,300
Daily food intake: 2,510 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 1,600
Illiteracy: 1 %
Last sovereign since: 1991
Main religious group: Muslims
Prison inmates: 16,500
Armed forces (troop strength): 63,000
Main battle tank: 230
Arriving by plane
The national airline is called Azerbaijan Airlines (J2) (Internet: www.azal.az). It offers direct flights to Berlin, Frankfurt, Vienna, Paris, Milan and London. Lufthansa (LH)
fly from Europe to Baku directly from Frankfurt and in cooperation with other airlines via Kiev or Vienna, Turkish Airlines via Istanbul and Austrian Airlines directly from Vienna . Flights on the Moscow – Baku and St. Petersburg – Baku routes are often delayed or canceled.
Ukraine International (PS) flies from Geneva and Zurich via Kiev to Baku.
Frankfurt – Baku: 4 hours 35; Vienna – Baku: 3 hours 40.
Arrival by car
Car: There are routes from Azerbaijan to Iran, Georgia and the Russian Federation. There are often long delays at the borders, so public transport is sometimes faster.
Bus: There are regular bus connections on the following routes: Baku-Tehran, Baku-Tbilisi and Baku-Derbent (Russian Federation).
Arriving by train
There are connections to Tbilisi in Georgia and Makhachkala (Dagestan) in the Russian Federation, as well as to Moscow and major cities in the former Soviet republics.
Arrival by ship
Passenger ferries run regularly across the Caspian Sea from Baku to Krasnovodsk (Turkmenistan) and to the Iranian port cities of Bandar Anzali and Bandar Nowshar. In winter, ferry traffic is sometimes temporarily suspended due to poor weather conditions.
ON THE GO
Traveling by plane
Azerbaijan Airlines (AZAL) (Internet: www.azal.az) offers several flights between Baku and the Azeri enclave of Naxcivan, as well as connections between Baku and Gence.
On the way by car / bus
The road network covers a total of 57,770 km. Many roads are in poor condition; All-wheel drive is recommended for trips into the mountains. Roads are often not lit at night, and many local drivers do not obey traffic regulations.
Some international rental companies have offices in Baku.
No alcohol at the wheel.
International driver’s license or EU driver’s license. It is recommended that you have a copy of your passport with you as the police will occasionally do ID checks.
In general, the bus is the best mode of transport for traveling around the country. Buses are usually very old and lacking comfort, but you can get around faster with them than with the train.
Traveling in the city
You should only use official taxis and not share them with strangers. The fares should be agreed in advance, the prices mentioned at the beginning are usually set too high.
Metro: Baku has a 28 km long two-line metro system that connects the center with the suburbs. That’s why most visitors prefer to use taxis or private cars.
There are buses that go from Baku to the suburbs, but they are mostly overcrowded.
On the go by train
Train connections are slow but cheap.
On the way by ship
There is a sporadic connection by ship between Baku and the city of Lenkeran in the south.