Armenia Travel Overview
Capital: Yerevan (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)
Official language: Armenian
Continent: West Asia
Land of mountains and castles
Armenia has a long history of Christianity, the traces of which you can trace on your journey.
According to Countryaah, Armenia lies in the mountains of the Caucasus. It is enclosed by Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Turkey.
As a travel destination, Armenia is popular with people interested in history. For a long time the Caucasus was regarded as the border of Europe, today there are divided opinions on this division. There is a lot of interesting architecture in Armenia, the construction of which is unfortunately slow due to corruption. A popular way to vacation in Armenia is to visit ancient castles and monasteries.
Armenian is a language that has its own script. The versions of the Bible in Armenian is one of the oldest in Europe, since Armenia has its own interpretation of ChristianityHas. The Christian-Oriental Church is still the majority religion in Armenia, so you will find monasteries of the so-called “Armenian Apostolic Church” scattered all over the country. The Chorivirap Monastery on Mount Ararat is particularly beautiful. As is the Geghart Monastery The tradition of Christianity in Armenia has a long history, dating back to 301, when it was made the state religion, and Armenia was the first country in the world to take this step!
Excursus: Armenian Diaspora
Its diaspora is directly connected to Armenia. This includes partly new emigrants, but mostly emigrants during the First World War. These were refugees after the expulsion and genocide of the Armenians by the Ottoman Empire. The genocide is not recognized as genocide by the Turkish side. So be careful when you come to this topic on your trip to Armenia!
In order to be able to enter Armenia, you need a visa, which you can pre-order over the Internet, or simply purchase it at the immigration desk of the airport. The visa is valid for 21 days and will cost US $ 60.
To get ahead in Armenia, you should learn a few bits of Armenian or at least learn some Russian. With English and other Western European languages, they will mostly fall on deaf ears, at least among the older population.
Official language: Armenian
Dram (100 Lumma)
ISO 4217 code
AMD / 051
Geo coordinates: N 40 ° 4 ‘8.8 ” E 45 ° 2’ 17.5″
Highest mountain: Aragats Lerrnagagat (4,095 m)
Total area: 29,800 km²
Mainland: 28,400 km²
National border: 1,254 km
Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991
UN member since: 1992
Other political affiliation: CIS
Export goods: Electrical engineering, machines
BSP: $ 3,807,200,000
GDP: $ 3,582,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 14,677,000,000
Economic growth: 9%
GDP share of agriculture: 23.6%
GDP share of industry: 35.4%
GDP share of services: 41%
Inflation rate: 1 %
State budget revenue: $ 915,000,000
State budget expenditure: $ 1034,000,000
Export: $ 830,000,000
Import: $ 1,620,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 2,047,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 822,000,000
Electricity consumption: 4,420 million KWh
Gas consumption: 1,400 million m³
Oil consumption: 40,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 18.58%
Bovine: 537,000 pieces
Pigs: 142,000 pieces
Sheep: 577,000 pieces
Fishing: 2,600 t
Residents in cities: 1,931,000
Average age: 30.4 years
0-14 years: 20.5%
15-64 years: 68.4%
> 65 years: 11.1%
Population growth: -0.19%
Birth rate: 11.76 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 8.23 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -5.72 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.9
Fertility: 1.33 children / woman
Infant mortality: 22.47 ‰
Life expectancy men: 68.25 years
Life expectancy women: 76.06 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: AT THE
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: POOR
ISO 3166 numeric: 51
Top Level Domain: at the
IOC country code: POOR
UN / LOCODE: AT THE
Telephone connections: 671,000
Cell Phones: 211,000
Internet users: 340,000
Railway lines: 845 km
Paved roads: 7,818 km
of which expressways: 1,561 km
Number of doctors: 10,800
Daily food intake: 2.010 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 3,000
Illiteracy: 1 %
Last sovereign since: 1991
Main religious group: Christians
Prison inmates: 3,000
Armed forces (troop strength): 45,000
Main battle tank: 100
Defense Spending: $ 173.8 million
Arriving by plane
Aeroflot (Internet: www.aeroflot.com) offers scheduled flight services via Moscow to Yerevan, these are often delayed or canceled. Given the political situation, there are no direct international transport links between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
Air Baltic (BT) flies from Berlin to Yerevan with a stopover in Riga.
Ukraine International (PS) flies from Geneva and Zurich via Kiev to Yerevan.
Berlin – Yerevan: 4 hours
approx US $ 20, usually payable in local currency. Transit travelers and children under 12 years of age are excluded. Travelers who have stayed in major hotels can sometimes pay this fee at the hotel and show proof of payment when checking in for their return flight.
Arrival by car
There is a new highway that connects Armenia with Iran via the city of Kapan. The roads from Yerevan to Georgia are considered unsafe. It is not possible to cross the border between Armenia and Turkey and Azerbaijan.
Bus: Buses depart from the Kilikia bus station. There are two bus connections a week to Istanbul via Georgia and daily service to Tabriz (except on Fridays).
Arriving by train
Connections to Turkey and Azerbaijan have been suspended for an indefinite period. International rail connections to Georgia and Iran continue to exist. Power outages affect traffic. In addition, robberies must be expected. The main station is Sasuntsi Davit.
ON THE GO
Traveling by plane
There are currently no domestic flights.
On the way by car / bus
There is right-hand traffic. Wearing seat belts is compulsory, although no one seems to be doing them. There are a total of 7705 km of roads. The road conditions are often very poor even on main roads. Beware of children playing and animals on the street. Locals often ignore the traffic rules. Visitors should exercise caution when driving and crossing streets. There are only a few gas stations, gasoline and diesel are available. You should always have a spare canister with you. It is common not only to stop taxis but also private cars and ask for a lift.
Buses connect the larger cities. There are city minivans that run on 100 routes and can be stopped.
Car rental companies, also from internationally known companies, are available.
Traveling in the city
Yerevan has a small subway network (6:30 a.m. to 11 p.m.). Buses and trolleybuses operate, but timetables are not always adhered to. Taxis are mainly found in the city center, they can also be ordered by telephone. You should inquire about the price per kilometer beforehand, otherwise the journey can be expensive as the taxi drivers are tempted to charge exaggerated prices. Chauffeured rental cars are available, but are correspondingly expensive. They should be booked through official intermediaries such as hotels or travel agencies.
On the go by train
The Sasuntsi Davit central station of Yerevan is located on Tigran Mets Street. Trains to Sevan, Gyumri, and Vanadzor are slow, crowded, and poorly maintained. Travelers should not leave their belongings unattended.