Argentina Travel Overview
Capital: Buenos Aires
Official language: Spanish
Continent: South-South America
Vacation in the land of Maradonna
No country in the world is as enthusiastic about football as Argentina. It is the homeland of the legend Diego Maradona and is widely known for its beef, which is an important export product of the country. Argentina is also the home of tango.
According to Countryaah, Argentina is located in southern South America and borders Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, Uruguay and the Atlantic Ocean. A common border with Brazil runs through the Iguazú waterfalls, which are well developed from the Argentine side.
The country hit the headlines in the 2000s after the country was in a state of emergency. The country’s recent history has been eventful: between 1966 and 1983, civil regimes and military dictatorships replaced one another. The country has been a democracy since 1983 and civil society is on the upswing.
The country has so far been little developed for tourism, although it offers many sights. Wide plains invite you to explore and if you like to grill, you will appreciate the Argentine cuisine. The capital Buenos Aires has a beach, but caution is advised in this city as the crime rate is higher there than in other parts of the country.
Typical for the Argentine landscape is the pampas, a grassy highland bordered by the Andes in the west and the Atlantic in the east. The plain forms the agricultural heartland of Argentina, especially for cattle breeding, which is why it is jokingly called “the largest cow pasture in the world”.
In addition to endless steppes and beef, Argentina also has other special features. The central west of the country is known for its high mountain ranges, which make many climbers’ hearts beat faster, especially the Sierras de Córdoba region is well developed for tourists. The Patagonia region offers a mild climate and many attractions and extends to Tierra del Fuego.
The urban part of the country presents a different picture. The musical heart of Argentina beats there. Every village, no matter how small, has a bar that plays Latin American music on weekends. The bigger the cities, the wider the range of entertainment programs, which in addition to tango, a variety of othersLatin American music styles recorded that are played with local coloring.
Capital: Buenos Aires
Official language: Spanish
Peso (100 centavos)
ISO 4217 code
ARS / 032
Continent: South America
Geo coordinates: S -38 ° -24 ‘-57.9 ” W -63 ° -37’ -0″
Highest mountain: Cerro Aconcagua (6,962 m)
Total area: 2,766,890 km²
Mainland: 2,736,690 km²
National border: 9,665 km
Coastline: 4,989 km
Dependency: Spain until 1816
UN member since: 1945
Other political affiliation: Organization of American States
Form of government: Presidential Republic
Houses of Parliament: Bicameral
Party system: Multi-party system
State building: federal
Political culture: Tendency towards civic culture
Particularities: Catholicism as the state religion
Export goods: Meat, wheat, wool
BSP: $ 179,553,000,000
GDP: $ 221,545,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 557.6 billion
Economic growth: 8.8%
GDP share of agriculture: 9.3%
GDP share of industry: 35.9%
GDP share of services: 54.8%
Inflation rate: 8.6%
State budget revenue: $ 4294967295
State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295
National debt: 64.1%
Export: $ 46,480,000,000
Import: $ 35,060,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 104 billion
Gold and currency reserves: $ 36,230,000,000
Electricity consumption: 86,380 million KWh
Gas reserves: 663,500 million m³
Gas production: 44,880 million m³
Gas consumption: 35,950 million m³
Oil reserves: 2,927 million m³
Oil production: 730,000 million m³
Oil consumption: 526,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 9.87%
Bovine: 50,600,000 pieces
Pigs: 4,230,000 pieces
Sheep: 14,220,000 pieces
Fishing: 868,000 t
Residents in cities: 35,736,000
Minorities: approx. 1 million indigenous people
Average age: 29.7 years
0-14 years: 25.2%
15-64 years: 64.1%
> 65 years: 10.7%
Population growth: 0.96%
Birth rate: 16.9 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 7.55 / 1,000 residents
Migration: 0.4 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.97
Fertility: 2.16 children / woman
Infant mortality: 14.73 ‰
Life expectancy men: 72.38 years
Life expectancy women: 80.05 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: AR
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: ARG
ISO 3166 numeric: 32
Top Level Domain: ar
IOC country code: ARG
UN / LOCODE: AR
Telephone connections: 8,923,000
Cell Phones: 8,090,000
Internet users: 8,100,000
Railway lines: 31,902 km
Paved roads: 70,573 km
of which expressways: 734 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 41
Number of doctors: 107,300
Daily food intake: 3,200 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 162,000
Last sovereign since: 1816
Main religious group: Christians
Distribution of religions: 90% Roman Catholic, 6% Protestant, 1% Judaism
Prison inmates: 59,200
Armed forces (troop strength): 73,000
Main battle tank: 190
Defense Spending: $ 5,482,600,000
Arriving by plane
The national Argentinean airline is called Aerolíneas Argentinas (AR) (Internet: www.aerolineas.com.ar). It flies to Buenos Aires from Rome, Barcelona and Madrid.
Argentina is also served by the following airlines:
– Lufthansa (LH) (Internet: www.lufthansa.com), direct flight from Frankfurt
– Iberia (IB) (Internet: www.iberia.com) – via Madrid
– KLM (KL) (Internet: www.klm.com) – via Amsterdam
– Air France (AF) (Internet: www.airfrance.com) – via Paris
– Altitalia (AZ) (Internet: www.alitalia.com) – via Rome
– British Airways (BA) (Internet: www.britishairways. com) – via London Heathrow
– Air Europa (UX) (Internet: www.aireuropa.com) – via Madrid)
The Visit Argentina Pass – Aerolíneas Argentinas – can be used on all Aerolíneas Argentinas and Austral routes within Argentina. It can only be purchased in conjunction with an Aerolíneas Argentinas long-haul flight. The flight route and date must be firmly booked, a combination with the SAP (South American Pass) is possible.
Starting from the date of the first flight coupon of the Airpass, the pass is valid for a maximum of 90 days. The minimum number of coupons is three routes, the maximum twelve. No additional coupons may be booked after the ticket has been issued. Each flight route is counted as a coupon. Tickets are issued up to 30 days before departure.
The Oneworld Visit South America Pass is valid on routes operated by the participating airlines American Airlines, British Airways, LAN, Qatar Airways, TAM and their affiliated airlines (Airberlin, Cathy Pacific, Finnair, Iberia, Japan Airlines, LATAM, Malaysia Airlines, Qantas, Royal Jordanian Airlines, S7 Airlines, SriLankan Airlines) within South America in the following countries:
Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela.
The Airpass is only applicable to passengers residing outside South America. Travel must be booked prior to departure from the country of origin and in conjunction with a return flight from South America with Oneworld member airlines.
You only need to make a reservation for the first leg of the trip (confirm the flight number and date). All remaining sections can remain open as long as a reservation is made prior to the day of departure of the relevant section.
The minimum stay is one day, the maximum twelve months. Children pay 67 percent, toddlers 10 percent. At least three flights must be booked.
Arrival by car
Argentina can be reached by highways from all neighboring countries (Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile). In the winter months, however, the border crossings to or from Chile and Bolivia may be closed on the Andes mountain pass roads.
There are numerous international bus connections (several times a day) between Argentina and the neighboring countries.
Arrival by ship
Buenos Aires has the largest and most important port in the country.
You can travel from Hamburg to Buenos Aires with a cargo ship.
Ferries and hydrofoils operate over the Rio de la Plata between the Uruguayan cities of Colonia del Sacramento and Montevideo (Uruguay) and Buenos Aires.
From Frankfurt (direct flight): 13 hours 45 minutes; from Vienna: 16h45 (via Madrid); from Zurich: 16 hours 30 minutes (via Madrid).
Cruise ships also head for Buenos Aires from Europe. The shipping companies include B.
– Costa Cruises (Internet: www.costakreuzfahrten.de)
– MSC Cruises (Internet: www.msc-kreuzfahrten.de)
– Celebrity Cruises (Internet: www.celebritycruises.de)
Cruises that end in Buenos Aires can also be made within South America, for example from Rio de Janeiro. Such trips usually take between eight and nine days. From Valparaiso in Chile you can get to Buenos Aires in around 16 days with the cruise ships of the Norwegian Cruise Line (Internet: www.ncl.com) via Cape Hor n at the extreme tip of South America.
ON THE GO
On the go by train
With a rail network of almost 30,000 km, Argentina has the largest rail network in South America. However, many routes have been idle for a long time or are used exclusively for the transport of goods.
The state railway company Ferrocarriles Argentinos (Internet: www.ferrobaies.gba.gov.ar) only plays a role in the greater Buenos Aires area for passenger transport. Long-distance connections are still available, but they are usually slower than long-distance buses.
There are some interesting routes for tourists:
– The Tren a las Nubes (“the cloud train”, Internet: www.trenalasnubes.com.ar/) in the northern province of Salta – an exciting and entertaining train ride that crosses several viaducts and climbs up to 4,200 meters.
– The Tren del Fin del Mundo (“Train from the end of the world”, Internet: www.trendelfindelmundo.com.ar/ – beautiful pictures) in the southern province of Tierra del Fuego – with the steam locomotive through Tierra del Fuego!
– The Old Patagonia Express (Internet: www.patagoniaexpress.com/la_trochita.htm) runs almost the whole year one or more times a week from Esquel to Nahuel Pán and from El Maitén to Desvío Thomaé. Special charter trains run all the way from Jacobacci to Esquel.
Traveling by plane
Aerolineas Argentina (AR) (Internet: www.aerolineas.com.ar) and the subsidiary Austral (AU) (Internet: www.austral.com.ar) offer numerous regional domestic flights. There is also LAN (4M) (Internet: www.latam.com) with numerous connections within Argentina.
Cities like Córdoba, San Juan or Ushuaia are best reached from Ezeiza International Airport (EZE) in Buenos Aires. The Jorge Newbury National Airport (AEP) in Buenos Aires, on the other hand, offers connections to Salta, Mendosa, Bariloche, El Calafate and over 30 other smaller towns in the country.
Note on air travel
Regional flights (less than 300 km): US $ 8; Domestic Flights: $ 6.05 A; the fees change frequently.
On the way by car / bus
The total length of all roads in Argentina is estimated to be around 230,000 km. The streets and paths are well developed in and around the cities. Away from the busy routes, however, there are often only gravel roads to be found.
Tolls are due on the country’s mainly privately operated motorways, which must be paid at the toll booths. In larger cities and on motorways, petrol stations are usually open around the clock.
Note: If you are traveling by car in Patagonia, you should refill at every petrol station available, because there is no tight petrol station network.
Traveling in the city
Buenos Aires: The subway network (Internet: www.metrovias.com.ar) in Buenos Aires (called “Subte”) comprises six lines (A to E and H), each of which is marked in different colors. In addition, Buenos Aires has a first-class bus system (colectivo). Some lines run around the clock. Tickets (Tarjeta Sube) are available at the counters of the respective stations and at kiosks. These are valid for both the subway and the buses.
There is an extensive network of public buses in most cities in Argentina. Trolleybuses operate in Rosario, Córdoba and Mendoza.
On the go by train
The former state railway Ferrocarriles Argentinos was privatized in 1993 and divided into several freight transport companies. Only a few provinces were able to maintain passenger traffic at their own expense.
Trains in Argentina usually have one or two classes, a different tariff system applies to each route, no single tickets for several routes are available, only the trains listed above have sleeping and dining cars. The railway system is currently subject to very strong changes.
Province of Buenos Aires: Ferrobaies (Internet: http://www.ferrobaies.gba.gov.ar)
currently offers the following connections: Buenos Aires Retiro – Junín (daily);
Buenos Aires Once – Bragado – Lincoln or to Pehuajó.
Buenos Aires Plaza Constitución – Mar del Plata – Miramar;
From Buenos Aires Plaza Constitución – Pinamar, Tandil, Patagones, Bolivar, Daireaux or Bahia Blanca, Carmen de Patagones and Quequén Necochea;
and from the eight terminal stations in Buenos Aires suburban railway services in the immediate neighboring communities such as Tigre, San Fernando, Zárate, Capilla del Señor, Pilar, La Plata, Ezeiza, Cañuelas, Lobos, Moreno, Mercedes, Luján, among others
Ferrocentral provides the following compounds to:
Buenos Aires Retiro – Rosario – Rafaela – La Banda – Tucuman (1 x per week).
Buenos Aires Retiro – Rosario – Villa Maria – Córdoba (1 x per week).
Steam train between San Carlos de Bariloche and Perito Moreno.
Tren del Sol runs from Salta to Diego de Almagro about every 2 weeks in December, February and March;
Tren a las Nubes drives 450 km in the province of Salta through the Andes and through several salt deserts;
El Tren del Fin del Mundo (Internet: www.trendelfindelmundo.com.ar/) runs from Ushuaia Fin del Mundo to Parque Nacional Tren del Fin del Mundo daily all year round, (southernmost railway in the world);
The old Patagonia Express (Internet: www.latrochita.org.ar) runs almost the whole year one or more times a week from Esquel to Nahuel Pán and from El Maitén to Desvío Thomaé, charter trains run all the way from Jacobacci to Esquel.
Right -hand traffic / left-hand traffic r road classification
There are four-lane national and provincial roads (Ruta Nacional and Ruta Provincial). There are also some motorways that are marked with an A in front of the corresponding number.
Rental cars are easily available in all major cities. As a rule, the driver must have had a driver’s license for at least one year. However, some models can only be rented from the age of 25.
Car rental companies often require a deposit to cover risks such as accidents. When the vehicle is returned, the amount will be refunded.
Taxis (recognizable by the yellow roof) are available in all cities and towns. They are available at taxi stands, but can also be waved over on the street.
For long-distance travel, buses are by far the most popular form of transport in Argentina. That is why there are numerous bus connections between almost all cities within the country , which also run several times a day.
Note: A small surcharge can e.g. B. provide significantly more legroom, which should not be underestimated with travel times of 20 hours and more.
Seat belts are mandatory for drivers. When consuming alcohol, the blood alcohol limit is 0.5 ‰.
Within built-up areas: 40/60 km / h;
Country roads: 80-110 km / h;
Motorways: Max. 130 km / h.
An international driving license is required in conjunction with the national driving license. In practice, a valid national driver’s license is usually sufficient.
Proof of vehicle insurance and registration documents must always be carried with you.