Algeria Travel Overview

Algeria Travel Overview

At a glance

Capital: Algiers

Official language: Arabic, French

Currency: dinar

Continent: North Africa

According to Countryaah, Algeria is a country located in northern Africa.

Important facts

Capital: Algiers

Official language: Arabic, French


Currency (sub-unit)

Dinars (100 centimes)

ISO 4217 code

DZD / 012


Continent: Africa

Region: North

Geo coordinates: N 28 ° 2 ‘2 ” E 1 ° 39’ 34.7″

Highest mountain: Tahat (3,003 m)

Total area: 2,381,741 km²

Mainland: 2,381,311 km²

National border: 6,343 km

Coastline: 998 km


Dependency: France until 1962

UN member since: 1962

Other political affiliation: Arab League

Form of government: Presidential Republic


Algeria GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Petroleum, iron ore, vegetables, wine

BSP: $ 96.878 billion

GDP: $ 119.876 billion

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 256.7 billion

Economic growth: 6.1%

GDP share of agriculture: 10%

GDP share of industry: 60.1%

GDP share of services: 29.9%

Inflation rate: 2%

Unemployment: 16%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 26.8%

Export: $ 57.420 billion

Import: $ 29,670,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 18,130,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 73.47 billion

Electricity consumption: 28,800 million KWh

Gas reserves: 4,531,000 million m³

Gas production: 83,700 million m³

Gas consumption: 22,700 million m³

Oil reserves: 12,460 million m³

Oil production: 1,482,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 260,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 3.47%

Bovine: 1,946,000 pieces

Sheep: 16,970,000 pieces

Fishing: 101,400 t

Demographic data

Residents: 32.930.100

Residents in cities: 26,420,000

Average age: 24.9 years

0-14 years: 28.1%

15-64 years: 67.1%

> 65 years: 4.8%

Population growth: 1.22%

Birth rate: 17.13 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 4.61 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -0.35 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.02

Fertility: 1.89 children / woman

Infant mortality: 29.87 ‰

Life expectancy men: 71.68 years

Life expectancy women: 74.92 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: Double room

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: DZA

ISO 3166 numeric: 12

Top Level Domain: dz

IOC country code: ALG

UN / LOCODE: Double room

Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 2,670,000

Cell Phones: 1,940,000

Radios: 8,150,000

TV: 4,160,000

Computer: 610,000

Internet users: 1,160,000


Railway lines: 3,973 km

Paved roads: 74,562 km

of which expressways: 640 km

Cars: 2,390,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 41

Pipelines: 96,422


Number of doctors: 30,200

Daily food intake: 2,960 kcal / resident


Illiteracy: 27%


Foundation: 1962

Last sovereign since: 1962


Main religious group: Muslims


Prison inmates: 36,300


Armed forces (troop strength): 130,000

Main battle tank: 970

Battleships: 5

Submarines: 2

Warplanes: 180

Helicopter: 60

Defense Spending: $ 3,376,200,000


Arriving by plane

The national airline is called Air Algérie (AH) (Internet:

Connections from Europe exist with Lufthansa (LH) as well as with Alitalia (AZ) and Air France (AF) via Italy or France.

Flight times

Frankfurt – Algiers: 2 hours 30; Vienna – Algiers: 4 hours 20. Zurich – Algiers: 5 hours 10.

Departure fee


Arrival by car

The most important border crossings are
Maghnia (Morocco; currently closed),
Hazaoua-Taleb Larbi, Bou Chebka, Sakiet Sidi Youssef-El Hadada, Ghardiamaou-Ouled Moumen and Babouch-El Aioun (Tunisia),
Fort Thiriet (Libya),
In Guezzam (Niger) and
Bordj Mokhtar (Mali).
For security reasons, we do not recommend traveling to the border area with Niger and Mali.

The road network is good in the coastal region, and some asphalt roads also lead to the northern Sahara. The two Trans-Sahara highways are the only asphalt roads in the south of the country, one runs west through Reggane to the Moroccan coast, the other through Tamanrasset and Djanet to Ghardaia and Algiers. The route often depends on the time of year. It should be remembered that desert roads are usually unpaved sand tracks and should therefore only be used with well-equipped four-wheel drive vehicles. Travel in and through the Sahara should only be undertaken with the help of an experienced travel company.

Bus connections to Tunisia and Morocco are provided by SNTF (national travel and transport company) ( and Altour (Internet:

Arriving by train

There is a daily train connection between Algiers and Tunis in Tunisia via Constantine and Annaba. Reservation is required on this route. First class compartments are air-conditioned; The train also has a dining and sleeping car.A daily train runs between Algiers and Marrakech in Morocco via Oran, Fez, Mèknes, Rabat and Casablanca. Reservation is required, a surcharge applies; Air-conditioned compartments and a dining car are available. This connection is currently suspended due to the closure of the border between Algeria and Morocco.

Arrival by ship

The main ports are Algiers, Annaba, Béjaia, Oran and Skikda.

Passenger ships regularly call at Algiers and Oran. Algérie Ferries offer ferry connections from Marseille (France) and Alicante (Spain) to Algeria (Internet: and the Société Nationale Maritime Corse Méditerranée (SNCM) (Internet: offers a ferry connection from Marseille to Algiers, Oran, Skikda and Bejaia.




The airline is represented in every city served by Air Algérie. In more remote branches that are not equipped with computers or telex machines, reservations should be made and confirmed early. Long waiting times have to be expected in the branches of the big cities.

Traveling by plane

Air Algérie (Internet: offers scheduled flights from Algiers to Annaba, Constantine and Oran. Irregular air traffic between Algiers, Oran, Constantine, Annaba and the smaller cities and oases (e.g. Ouargla and Ghardaia) as well as connections to the oil cities (e.g. In Amenas and Hassi Messaoud). Flight bookings with Air Algérie should be confirmed by phone / fax before departure. In the summer you may be late U. the departures to the south due to sandstorms. Nevertheless, the plane is the most reliable means of transport for traveling to the southern parts of the country. From the oases of Djanet and Tamanrasset you can reach the Tassili N’Ajjer plateau and the Hoggar mountains.

Note on air travel

The airline is represented in every city served by Air Algérie. In more remote branches that are not equipped with computers or telex machines, reservations should be made and confirmed early. Long waiting times have to be expected in the branches of the big cities.

On the way by car / bus

The road network is quite good, especially in the north of the country. In the south, however, there are only a few paved roads. Always ensure that there are sufficient gasoline and water supplies when driving through the desert. The vehicle must also be absolutely roadworthy – there are hardly any breakdown services. Right-hand traffic.

Long-distance bus:
SNTF intercity buses run regularly between the larger cities, are relatively inexpensive, but not for long distances, e.g. B. from the coast to the southern parts of the country, to be recommended. The bus stations are not far from the city centers of Algiers and Oran.

Rental cars:
Rental cars are available at airports, hotels or in most major cities.

International driving license. For stays of up to three months, you can take your own car with you duty-free. You have to take out insurance at the border. Proof of ownership is required. A Carnet de Passage may be required when using your own vehicle.

Traveling in the city

Regular buses operate in Algiers, the suburbs of the capital and in the coastal region. There are collective tickets (carnets) for ten journeys; Day, week and longer time tickets. Two public elevators and a mountain railway take visitors up a hill above Algiers, from where there is a beautiful view of the merchants’ quarter of the old town (souk). The construction of a subway is planned.

There are numerous metered taxis in all cities, and a taxi is often shared with other passengers. Surcharges apply after sunset. Private taxis are often not insured and therefore not recommended.

On the go by train

The Algerian route network is operated by the Société Nationale des Transports Ferroviaires (SNTF) (Internet: Trains run daily between Algiers, Oran, Béjaia, Skikda, Annaba and Constantine. In the south of the country there are daily train connections from Annaba to Tebessa via Souk Ahras, from Constantine to Touggourt via Biskra (twice daily) and from Mohammadia to Bechar. Only 2nd class cars are available on the southern routes.

On the way by ship

State ferries connect the larger port cities of Algiers, Annaba, Arzew, Béjaia, Djidjelli, Ghazaouet, Mostaganem, Oran and Skikda.