Albania Travel Overview

Albania Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Tirana

Official language: Albanian

Currency: Lek

Continent: Southern Europe

Forgotten land with Europe’s last secrets

A country largely untouched by tourism, with magnificent nature and fascinating historical treasures awaits you on an Albania holiday. The population is poor and reserved, but very hospitable.

Vacation Albania

According to Countryaah, Albania, located in south-eastern Europe, is naturally surrounded by the western border of the Adriatic and the Ionian Sea, in the north by Montenegro and Kosovo and in the east by Macedonia. Albania borders Greece in the south. The country is a member of NATO, CEFTA, the Council of Europe and is also a member state of the OSCE.

Albania Vacation Travel Destinations

In addition to a visit to the cities of Tirana, Berat (UNESCO World Heritage Site, “City of a Thousand Windows”, Museum City), Durresi or Shkodra, the Albanian Riviera starting from Saranda-Borsh Himara-Vlora is also ideal for a detour. The Kruja with the fortress and the Skanderbeg Museum contained therein houses an ethnology museum and a classic Turkish bath. The Butrint ruins in southern Albania near the city of Saranda is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The ancient city of Byllis (ruins) is located around 30 km southeast of Apollonia between Fier, Tepelena and Vlora. Gjirokastra, the so-called “City of Stones” has also been added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Tirana, the capital of Albania, is home to universities, museums, an international airport and various cultural institutions. The center of Albania is also the largest agglomeration. A visit to this city is definitely recommended because of the history-rich past and the fascinating culture.

Vacation destinations Albania

The most famous holiday resorts, which lie directly on the coastline of the Ionian Sea and the Adriatic Sea and mainly consist of sand and pebble beaches, are Durres, Vlora, Dhermi and Himara. On the Strait of Otranto, the Albanian coast is only 71km away from the Italian one. Two thirds of the country consists of mountainous or high mountain regions, which results in a relatively high population density in parts of the coastal areas and in the valleys. The highest mountain lying entirely in Albania is the Maja e Jezerces with a height of 2764m. A visit to one of the 14 national parks of Albania is worthwhile, as these represent a retreat for the many plants and animal species. The largest include the Prspa National Park, Shebenik Jablanica National Park and the Dajti National Park.

Camping holidays Albania

On a camping holiday in Albania you should consider that the roads are sometimes very, very bad, but the petrol station network is relatively dense and fuel is cheap. Campsites Albania? There are no campsites in this form. But you can stand anywhere and look for a place to stay for the night.

Nature vacation in Albania

Above all, the country is characterized by unspoilt nature and varied landscapes. The unique fauna and flora as well as the interesting culture attract more and more tourists to the coastal state every year. Albania is home to a unique fauna and flora and is one of the most biodiverse countries in Europe.

Albanian cuisine

The Albanian cuisine consists mainly of Mediterranean and oriental dishes. The most popular dishes include byrek, pite, bean soup, biftek, tarator, llokume, kadaif, sultjash and bakllava. Neighboring countries like Turkey have a strong influence on the food in Albania.

Important facts

Capital: Tirana

Official language: Albanian

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

Lek (100 qindarka)

ISO 4217 code

ALL / 008

Geography

Continent: Europe

Region: south

Geo coordinates: N 41 ° 9 ’12 ” E 20 ° 10′ 6″

Highest mountain: Golem Korab (2,753 m)

Total area: 28,748 km²

Mainland: 27,398 km²

National border: 720 km

Coastline: 362 km

Politics

Dependency: Ottoman Empire until 1912

UN member since: 1955

Form of government: Socialist republic

Houses of Parliament: unikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: decentralized

Political culture: Subject culture

Particularities: 1968-1990 only atheist state

Economy

Albania GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Petroleum, metals, food

BSP: $ 8,731,000,000

GDP: $ 10,820,700,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 20.106 billion

Economic growth: 5.8%

GDP share of agriculture: 23%

GDP share of industry: 18.6%

GDP share of services: 58.4%

Inflation rate: 2.3%

State budget revenue: $ 2103000000

State budget expenditure: $ 2562,000,000

Export: $ 746,000,000

Import: $ 2,722,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 1,630,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 1,532,000,000

Electricity consumption: 7,340 million KWh

Gas reserves: 2,832 million m³

Gas production: 30 million m³

Gas consumption: 30 million m³

Oil reserves: 186 million m³

Oil production: 4,100 million m³

Oil consumption: 26,800 million m³

Cultivation area: 24.29%

Bovine: 660,000 pieces

Sheep: 1,690,000 pieces

Fishing: 3,814 t

Demographic data

Residents: 3,581,700

Residents in cities: 1,517,000

Minorities: Greeks, Roma, Vlachs

Average age: 28.9 years

0-14 years: 24.8%

15-64 years: 66.3%

> 65 years: 8.9%

Population growth: 0.52%

Birth rate: 08/15 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 5.22 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -4.67 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.04

Fertility: 2.03 children / woman

Infant mortality: 20.75 ‰

Life expectancy men: 74.78 years

Life expectancy women: 80.34 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: AL

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: ALB

ISO 3166 numeric: 8th

Top Level Domain: al

IOC country code: ALB

UN / LOCODE: AL

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 490,000

Cell Phones: 1,380,000

Radios: 750,000

TV: 1,340,000

Computer: 103,000

Internet users: 140,000

Transportation

Railway lines: 447 km

Paved roads: 9,043 km

Cars: 203,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 24

Pipelines: 546

Health

Number of doctors: 5,030

Daily food intake: 2.920 kcal / resident

Education

Illiteracy: 13%

History

Foundation: 1443

Last sovereign since: 1912

Religion

Main religious group: Muslims

Distribution of religions: muslim, catholic

Crime

Prison inmates: 4,000

Military

Armed forces (troop strength): 19,000

Main battle tank: 680

Warplanes: 68

Defense Spending: $ 114.6 million

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