Afghanistan Travel Overview

Afghanistan Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Kabul (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Dari, Pashto

Currency: Afghani

Continent: South Asia

A country is awakening from its derangement

For a long time, the Afghans accused the West of forgetting the country after the Russian war. The more one is happy about every visitor there

History and situation of Afghanistan

According to Countryaah, Afghanistan lies at the interface between South Asia and Central Asia. The inland lies in a largely mountainous region and is surrounded by the following countries: Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China and Pakistan.

In its history, Afghanistan has always been united against invaders – however, in times when there was no external threat, it was mostly torn internally. The gardens of Kabul were once the subject of legendary travelogues in the region. Today the city begins from its ruinsto raise. The country has seen more than 25 years of war, with the Taliban’s terror regime in between. Step by step the country is finding a new identity.


Afghanistan is a country that is still partly in a war-like state. The governments of the nations operating there advise against traveling in the country! If you decide to travel to Afghanistan you should follow some safety guidelines. These primarily include identifying mine areas and reading international information boards.
White and red are the colors of the mine search parties. Red markings indicate mined areas, white markings indicate minescleared area. Afghanistan is currently one of the most mined countries in the world, so stay on the beaten track! Never leave the road when driving overland, even if you only take a short break! Inquire about the latest security status for the region you are traveling to.

A trip through Afghanistan

You can travel the country by land and follow the hippy trail of the 60s. The road leads from the west – from the city of Herat across the country via Kabul to the east of the country and reaches Pakistan at the Khyber Pass. The route from Pakistan should be the most beautiful, as Herat has a beautiful old town, which can be the end of the trip.
Coming from the Khyber Pass you first reach Kabul. The city is being rebuilt, much of what has been destroyed is being renewed, some remains rubble and a little is being renovated. The city is changing, so you will get enough to see. From Kabul you can take a day trip to the Panjshir Valley to visit the tomb of Ahmad Shad Massoud, the leader of the Afghan resistance. From Kabul further east you reach the place Bamiyan on the slope. There in the rock niches once stood the world-famous Buddha statues that were blown up by the Taliban. This place at the High Hindukush is still considered to be one of the most beautiful places in Afghanistan.
Further east you can see the minaret in good weathervisit from jam. The reason for the construction of this tower from the 12th century is not entirely clear. What is certain is that the tower, at 65 meters, is the second-highest brick minaret in the world. In 2002 the site was declared Afghanistan’s first World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Many languages ​​are spoken in Afghanistan, but one that is considered the lingua franca and easily accessible to Westerners is Farsi. This is a version of Persian that is only spoken in Afghanistan. With a few bits of Persian you can get by in Afghanistan better than with perfect English!

Travel time

There are four seasons in Afghanistan. Between March and May, in spring, the streams overflowing with meltwater make some roads impassable. Summer can often be scorching hot. The best travel time for Afghanistan is therefore in autumn between the months of September and November. In the winter months from the end of November, there is often heavy snowdrift in the mountains and cold winds determine the climate.

Important facts

Capital: Kabul

Official language: Dari, Pashto


Currency (sub-unit)

Afghani (100 pulse)

ISO 4217 code

AFN / 971


Continent: Asia

Region: south

Geo coordinates: N 33 ° 56 ‘20.8 “E 67 ° 42’ 35.8”

Highest mountain: Nowshak (7,485 m)

Total area: 647,500 km²

Mainland: 647,230 km²

National border: 5,529 km


Dependency: Great Britain until 1919

UN member since: 1946

Form of government: Democratic Republic


afghanistan GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Fruits, wool, carpets

BSP: $ 6,470,800,000

GDP: $ 6,842,800,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 23,000,000,000

Economic growth: 8.2%

GDP share of agriculture: 38%

GDP share of industry: 24%

GDP share of services: 38%

Inflation rate: 18.7%

Unemployment: 43%

State budget revenue: $ 287,000,000

State budget expenditure: $ 569,000,000

Export: $ 504,000,000

Import: $ 3,940,000,000

Electricity consumption: 1,627 million KWh

Gas reserves: 99,980 million m³

Gas production: 71 million m³

Gas consumption: 130 million m³

Oil consumption: 6,500 million m³

Cultivation area: 12.32%

Bovine: 3,950,000 pieces

Sheep: 8,542,000 pieces

Fishing: 2,090 t

Demographic data

Residents: 31,057,000

Residents in cities: 6,809,600

Average age: 17.6 years

0-14 years: 44.6%

15-64 years: 53%

> 65 years: 2.4%

Population growth: 2.67%

Birth rate: 47.02 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 20.34 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 0.42 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.05

Fertility: 6.69 children / woman

Infant mortality: 160.23 ‰

Life expectancy men: 43.12 years

Life expectancy women: 43.53 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: AF

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: AFG

ISO 3166 numeric: 4

Top Level Domain: af

IOC country code: AFG


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 37,100

Cell Phones: 87,000

Radios: 3,410,200

TV: 674,000

Computer: 43,000

Internet users: 33,000


Paved roads: 10,324 km

Cars: 59,000

Pipelines: 387


Number of doctors: 5,430

Daily food intake: 1,760 kcal / resident


Illiteracy: 56%


Foundation: 1747

Last sovereign since: 1919


Main religious group: Muslims


Armed forces (troop strength): 31,000

Main battle tank: 440

Warplanes: 10

Defense Spending: $ 143,000,000