Soccer, a game by teams in which the rivals face each other playing with a ball that must go through the line of the opposing goal to mark a goal. Saying thus may seem simple but involves strategy, teamwork, fellowship and other values. In addition to being a vehicle for the promotion of health for young people and adults. All this will depend on coach leading a team and the members that form it.
Now, this sport may involve negative aspects for health if not performed properly.
The most frequent pathology undoubtedly tends to be the muscle injury. They may be caused by different factors such as the lack of technique, using an inappropriate material or faulty movements.
The excessive sweating and lack of hydration can produce a defect electrolytic loss of ions and water.
Anaerobic exercise produces acid and lactic acid. This added to the muscular overload can worsen since gets less oxygen and lactic acid is not removed.
The pitch directly affects the body, since a wet soil can cause a slip with appropriate consequences. On the other hand a mud terrain can cause large lesions by anchoring the legs to the ground.
Following injuries to which I will make reference are the sprain of ankle, knee and finally pathology and less frequent, fractures.
Within that is a sport where in there is contact between the players and also many times is moving, we can find pathologies associated such as bruises, injuries, etc. but they are not the most common.
Let’s focus on the pathology of knee, since it happens relatively often and they are lesions that preclude the athlete not only for sports but also for their daily lives.
Football knee injuries
Sprain: usually in the medial area and occurs as a result of a forced stretching of the ligaments or a tear in them. This type of Pathology can be by a forced twist to fall one way strange, being hit on the side of the knee or make a gesture that let one leg resting on the ground and we bend inwards due to the weight.
The symptoms are pain, swelling, redness and functional when it comes to standing inability.
As in any strain, there are degrees of condition. So we will have grade 1, which will be produced only a forced stretching of the ligament. Grade 2, in that, apart from the stretch will be a small break or partial tear, which will generate some instability in the joint. Finally we have grade 3 whose prognosis is more severe due to the fact that occurs much more significant breaks that in the former, or even the total rupture of the ligament, causing greater instability in the knee.
(Cross ligament, Anterior) Cruciate ligament injury. This is of vital importance for the stability of the knee because it connects the tibia with the femur. It is a serious injury that will require surgery but a process of subsequent rehabilitation which usually lasts around 6 months depending on the subject, the time that spend to rehabilitate, etc.
Meniscopathies. The function of the meniscus as such is the cushion the burden of our body and over time will suffer some wear. When you are injured during sports, it is usually due to a compression followed by a rotation, i.e. left leg resting on the ground and rotates the body, but foot maintains the position as well as support our body weight… The treatment is surgical. Recovery varies from month 4 months.
Cartilage injury. This tissue covers the joint and prevents rubbing of bone surfaces. The alterations that may occur at this level may be due to sharp turns, bruises, overloads or be associated with other injuries as the meniscus or ligaments, in addition to result from alterations at the disposal of the patella.
Chronic tendinopathy. This condition occurs due to the repetition of a gesture that generates tension and bad back recovery by stretching, massage, cryotherapy, etc. It can lead to tendon rupture.
The lesions are potential risks that are assumed in the practice of any sport. We must not lose the spirit of do it for fear of what we can spend, but if we must be aware of them to put the means to avoid them, or at least reduced to a framework of normalcy with minimal damage.
If we are talking about a football team that trains several days a week to all, we are talking about, in terms of muscle tension of an important accumulation. This tension must be alleviated by session of stretching in conditions at the end of the training, and not the classic sitting down to talk with classmates while we do a few stretching exercises for 5 minutes. After training we must compensate with a not-too-forced stretch muscles, since the fibers will be very collapsed and can damage them, but the time needed to relax the muscles. Hydration before, during and after is fundamental as well as food and the rest.
It is essential to look well to make technically correct gestures to not suffer the joints into forced positions. Ankle bandage, corresponding protections and adequate heating can be keys to avoid the above-mentioned problems.
When we talk about football at amateur level, i.e. colleagues who gather to play friendly matches on weekends, we are talking about the population most at risk.
Perform a warm up session according to the time that we are going to play and the intensity with which we are going to play. The minimum time must be 10 minutes. Then stretch is essential to avoid excessive tension that can lead to a party. Finally and most importantly, try to play being aware of our physical possibilities. What happens in sports of this type, in which the objective is to win, they play a very important role emotions and these, in the majority of cases go against us. The desire to win can cause we forcemos the body and are not trained to do this really, as well as being a trigger for conflicts between players.
Sport is always healthy, if carried out with head and following parameters of health, so no us fear of injuries and we are aware that the decision to prevent them is ours in a high percentage.